**RHODIOLA ROSEA: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?** Common Names: Rhodiola, golden root, rhodiola, Rhodiola reddish. Botanical Name: Rhodiola rosea , formerly Sedum rosea , Crassulaceae family. English names: golden root, Rhodiola, arctic root, roseroot . Chinese Name: Hong Jing Tian . Part used: the rhizome. ... intensive) - .. etc ... There are in the world many species of RHIODOLA but only RHODIOLA ROSEA has the "rosavins" and molecules "salidrosides."