**MAGNESIUM: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?** Other names: Mg, Mag. There are various salts of magnesium carbonate, chloride, citrate, gluconate, hydroxide, lactate, oxide, picolinate, pidolate or magnesium sulfate. Indications top Likely effectiveness Prevent certain cardiovascular disorders ... is very important for people suffering from kidney failure. For these patients, any mineral supplementation should be monitored with a health professional.