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Black Cohosh: Benefits, Reviews, Warnings?

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Black Cohosh: Benefits, Reviews, Warnings? - Black Cohosh, women plant.

The black cohosh is the root of a plant of the family Ranunculaceae, native to the northeastern United States and Canada has a long tradition of medicinal use by Native Americans. The natives of these regions using this root for various female problems like irregular menstruation, cramps and pregnancy problems. It was also used for rheumatism, kidney problems and sore throat. The black cohosh has over 40 years in European countries used to treat symptoms associated with menopause and is today a plant approved in many countries for treating premenstrual discomfort, dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation, and symptoms associated with menopause.

KEY RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, dry skin, vaginal dryness, insomnia, heart palpitations, nervousness, irritability, depression, among others.
  • Painful menstruation
  • Premenstrual syndrome
  • Hormonal disorders in general

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

The black cohosh is a plant more estrus gene action has been evaluated that the root of this plant has a power of 1/20 compared to human estrogen. Inhibits secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) but not that of the Follicle Stimulating (FSH) in menopausal women, and increases the regeneration of vaginal epithelium. Although still under discussion acts as the precise shape, there is no doubt of its effects.

The plant itself is hard to get in Mexico as crude root, though international fame of it has allowed tinctures or fluid extracts of this root are achieved and even in public pharmacies dispense tablets this plant extract.

We recommend using the fluid extract 1:1 (g / ml) in doses of 5 to 30 drops daily or tincture 1:10 (g / ml) at a dose of 30 drops 3 times daily, before or after meals.

Use in pregnancy or lactation (recommendation based on empirical observations is not recommended.

CHEMISTRY

Among the active ingredients are triterpene glycosides acetina, cimifugosido, cimigosido, 27 deoxyacetin, deoxyacetilacteol and racemosido. Have also been isolated 8 new glycoside called cimiracemosidos. Some references mention the presence of isoflavones like formononetin although more recent studies have failed to try to isolate it. The roots and rhizomes of black cohosh include the isoferulic acid and salicylic acid, tannins, resins, sterols, fatty acids, starch and sugars.

CLINICAL STUDIES

Numerous clinical studies have shown that black cohosh eliminates or reduces many of the symptoms associated with menopause or hormone deficiencies in patients with induced menopause (women who have removed them by the parent and / or ovaries), symptoms such as hot flashes, increased sweating, headaches, dizziness, heart palpitations and tinnitus, as well as nervousness, irritability and sudden mood swings, depression and insomnia (Stoltze 1982, Daiber 1983 Vorberg 1984, Warnecke 1985, Stoll 1987 Petho 1987, Lehman-Willenbrock and Reidel 1988, Lieberman 1998, Liske 1998 and Wüstenberg Liske 1998). In one study the inhibition of luteinizing hormone (LH) but not of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in menopausal women (Duker et al, 1991 was found. In Vitro study of estrogen receptors was found that extracts black cohosh compete with estradiol for the binding sites of the receptors (Jarry et al 1985)

Contraindications

Pregnancy and Lactation. The black cohosh is not recommended during pregnancy due to its uterine-stimulating effect. It is not recommended during lactation (based on empirical observations.

Although there is still debate current information indicates that black cohosh does not increase the risk of breast cancer in women prone to it.

History

The black cohosh is popular as a substitute for hormone therapy to treat menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, mood disorders, excessive sweating, palpitations and vaginal dryness. While the evidence is mixed, several studies have reported that black cohosh may improve menopausal symptoms for up to one year.

It remains unclear the mechanism of action of black cohosh. While this is an area of ​​controversy, research suggests there may be no direct effects on estrogen receptors.

There is no proven safe and effective after one year. Reports suggest the safety of short-term use, including women with menopausal symptoms for whom estrogen replacement therapy is not recommended. However, caution is suggested until safety information available best quality. There have been reports of liver damage and increased levels of lead in their blood because of black cohosh. Use of black cohosh in high-risk populations (such as women with a history of breast cancer) should be under supervision of a qualified professional health.

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asked Jun 13, 2014 by Lancomega Level (10,245 points)
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