Artichoke: Properties, Benefits, Side-effects?
For what is the artichoke: properties, use, diet and benefits
There are many preparations artichoke; capsules, tablets or naturally, the artichoke is one of the most used food diet.
Artichokes belong to the family Compositae, gender Cynaras. There are more than 20,000 species, although few grown. They require warm weather and calcareous soil. This is a seasonal plant that can reach a height of 1 m. or even 1.5 m.
The artichoke has been always a favored food. It is known that the Greeks and Romans and consumed. During the Middle Ages was introduced into England by the hand of King Henry VII, later crossing the Channel and Catherine de Medici turning in one of his most ardent consumers. At that time it was believed that the artichoke was aphrodisiac and it was not good consume too much. The artichoke was considered, due to its high price, a meal rich.
Conservation and choosing artichokes
When it is appropriate to select the purchase artichokes bulkier but in any case, more weight in relation to its size. They have thick, well formed, compact and light green buds. To check the freshness of the artichokes should be closer to the ear and tighten. If crackles indicate that it is fresh.
During the winter the outer leaves acquire, due to cold, whitish later becomes brownish brown. In this case your appearance should not make us doubt their culinary qualities or freshness.
Artichokes should be eaten as soon as possible. Otherwise should be stored in cool places. In a sealed plastic bag in the refrigerator and can hold for a week. When stored with the stem and placed in a container of water is considerably extended duration. They can also be frozen.
Benefits and properties of artichoke
The artichoke contains only 40 to 50 calories, reason is often used in diets. Furthermore provides vitamins A, B6, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, iron, carbohydrates and proteins and carbohydrates that are transformed into sugar, or what is the same, in energy.
Among the most notable properties of the artichoke is the protection afforded to the liver, as well as the recovery in case of liver diseases such as cirrhosis or hepatitis. Also aiding biliary function, and their acids reduce cholesterol level in blood. Also lowers blood pressure and prevents the development of atherosclerosis.
Artichoke reduces the level of blood sugar, the property becomes a food that helps fight diabetes. The artichoke has diuretic qualities, helping to eliminate fluids from the body, why is interesting in cases of obesity and any condition where appropriate dewatering and therefore toxins, especially in regard to uric acid. Artichoke therefore is indicated for conditions such as gout, arthritis or liver and circulatory diseases.
Some recent studies suggest the influence of caffeic acid, pantothenic and flavonoids from artichoke to prevent and improve some types of cancerous processes.
Side effects and contraindications of the artichoke
While it is clear that artichoke has many virtues, we must also take into account some contraindications and side effects of it. Among the most common, first, hypersensitivity is that some people toward the showerhead.
In case of biliary obstruction, the artichoke is especially contraindicated. Also use caution when there gallstones, since their colagogos choleretic effects and can lead to gallstones. Another effect, in this nasty case of flatulence artichokes are producing their intake.
The artichoke is not recommended during lactation, since apparently decreases the secretion of milk. Also gives the milk an unpleasant bitter taste.
In liver diseases, in addition to following the medical treatment prescribed by your specialist, it is important to take care of food.
Among the foods in these cases beneficial stresses artichoke, as it consists of substances that despite being in small amounts are provided with significant physiological effects.
• Cynarin: acts on cells of the liver by increasing bile production (detoxifying effect) and causing increased excretion of urine.
• Cinaróxido: with anti-inflammatory action.
• Organic acids: potentiate the effect of the above two compounds.
• Sterols: help lower cholesterol.
• Other compounds: fibers that promote intestinal transit, and minerals like manganese.
A regular intake of this food is recommended for conditions such as hepatitis, cirrhosis or fatty liver.
It is important that consumption is constant for this effect. Therefore, a good way to consume it is in stock; Cooking artichokes and taking his broth daily.
For the benefits described, it is not only beneficial in liver diseases but also in kidney and gallbladder; even recommended in slimming diets.
Artichoke addition, other beneficial foods for the liver are chard, chicory, endive, radish, onion, fruits (grape, apple, cherry, plum and medlar) lecithin or olive oil.