Folic Acid: Benefits, Uses, Effects?


Folic Acid: Benefits, Uses, Effects?
The properties of folic acid and when it is assumed
Folic acid, or vitamin B9, is very important for our health and crucial during pregnancy and growth. Let's see why and how to take it

Folic acid, or vitamin B9, is one of the most important substances for our health and well-being nsotro especially at certain times of life: the age of the growth and pregnancy, stages that increases the average requirement.

A possible shortage during pregnant, for example, is linked to an increased risk of major malformations in the fetus such as spina bifida. In the age of growth, however, a lack produces anemia, so it can also hinder the normal mental and physical development of children and teenagers.

Why folic acid is therefore so important, and what are the doses that we need to stay healthy? Let's assume that we are talking about a substance that is taken through the diet, but that can be stored in the body for a long time. However, when there is particularly biosogno, the reserves are attacked and if you are not careful you can easily reinstate them and risking a shortage.

Folic acid is important because it stimulates the bone marrow to produce hemoglobin, the protein constituent of red blood cells. Since hemoglobin is made ​​of iron, often a folate deficiency is also associated with an iron deficiency anemia (iron deficiency). In any case, in the moments in life when there is a need to produce more blood, as occurs in pregnancy and during development, especially in puberty, it is important to vary the diet so that there may always be sources of vitamin B9. Among these are:

And green leafy vegetables such as fresh spinach
Proper nutrition may therefore be sufficient to avoid the risk of anemia, but we do not always take into account that the absorption of this vitamin is so automatic. Taking certain medicines, including anti-epileptics and especially the Methotrexate is commonly used to treat autoimmune diseases including arthritis, contrast and therefore the absorption of folic acid in these cases we must resort to supplements.

The need for a "normal" vitamin B9 is 0.2 mg per day, which doubles during pregnancy. Gynecologists recommend therefore supplementation throughout the expectant equal to 5 mg per day, while those who follow a treatment with methotrexate should assume a dose of 5 mg once a week.

However, when there is already a condition of anemia, with symptoms such as paleness, weakness, tachycardia, dizziness, lightheadedness, chronic headaches, mood swings, etc., then the treatment with folic acid will be more substantial. In these cases, you can go from one dose "shock" of 15 mg per day to 5 mg daily taken orally or by intramuscular injection.

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asked Jul 2, 2014 by Lancomega Level (10,245 points)