Red Yeast Rice: Benefits, Uses, Effects?
Red rice, yeast present in supplements for lowering high cholesterol but it is a drug. The French agency calls for caution: received 25 reports
The "red yeast rice" is a natural ingredient used in many dietary supplements to lower cholesterol (LDL) in the blood. The French Agency for Food Safety (Anses) after receiving 25 reports of unwanted side effects - likely to be associated with the consumption of these dietary supplements - to load the muscles and liver, has launched an appeal not to take these supplements. The invitation is open to pregnant women and lactating women, people with more than 70 years, the major consumers of grapefruit and other groups. Even patients who take statin drugs, or have stopped taking them because they are classified as "intolerant to statins" should not consume red yeast rice.
In Italy there are several supplements sold in drugstores and even some supermarkets that contain in varying amounts: Bromatech Kogi Plus, Captolip, Equilip MK, Erbamea Rolo, Esi Normolip, FisioStatin, Forsan Red Rice, Frau Colesterol Control, Frilipid, Long Lie Red Rice, Naturando Colesan, Nova Argentia Novalipid, Matt Fitoseroli Red Rice, Specchiasol No Cholest ...
The red yeast rice contains monacolin K, a substance that has characteristics similar to statins
Because of these concerns is the presence in the red yeast rice of monacolin K, a substance that has characteristics similar to statins (lovastatin), or drugs that reduce cholesterol. The proof is that the monacolin K is being marketed as a drug in the United States, Canada, Germany, Austria, Spain, Portugal and Greece. In Italy, the sale of these supplements is free and the dose of monacolin K leaflets is up to 10 mg / day, you can write on the phrase "The monacolin k red rice contributes to the maintenance of normal levels of cholesterol in the blood. "
According to the Anses, when the European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) has approved this statement has underestimated the possible side effects. Certainly not by chance several packs of supplements made from red yeast rice sold in Italy, invite you to hear the opinion of the physician, but maybe it's too little. The Anses invited the other European agencies, consumer groups and industry to communicate the data in their possession on the action and adverse side effects by December 15, 2013, to be able to take appropriate decisions in the areas of European science.
According to the Anses when the EFSA has authorized certain indications for red yeast rice has underestimated the side effects
In anticipation of possible restrictions advocated, the agency offers a list of people who should not take these supplements:
Pregnant women, lactating or of childbearing age
Children and adolescents
Subjects older than 70 years
People with problems or predisposition to 'kidney failure, muscle diseases or hypothyroidism
Patients with liver disease
Carriers of genetic polymorphisms that may increase the plasma concentrations of statins
People treated with drugs that interfere with lipid metabolism and statins
Heavy users of alcohol or grapefruit.
Dietary supplements containing red yeast rice are not an alternative to drugs
The Anses also offers a useful reminder about cholesterol: