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Peppermint: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

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PEPPERMINT: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

The Peppermint ( Mentha × piperita ) is a herbaceous plant of the family Lamiaceae . This type of mint is derived from a cross between Mentha aquatica and Mentha spicata .

Summary [ hide ]
1 Description
2 Composition
3 Use
3.1 Use in kitchen
4 Culture
5 Notes and references
Description [ change | change the code ]
It is a perennial plant with its rhizome that spreads underground; it also spreads by stolons .

Its leaves are between 4 to 10 cm long, they are oval, dark green and tinged with reddish shades in the sun and coppery red shade. They are covered with large secretory rounded bristles in which accumulate odorous volatiles.

Its stems are purplish square section. The height varies from 10 to 14cm

Composition [ change | change the code ]
The peppermint leaf contains many secondary metabolites aromatics acid-phenols, flavonoids (glycosides of luteolin and the apigenin ) of triterpenes . A sheet mainly composed of essential oil was extracted menthol (30-40%) of menthone and other monoterpenes . This essential oil is responsible for the strong smell of peppermint. Leaves good for pharmaceutical use provide more than 9 ml of essential oil per kg of dry leaves (European Pharmacopoeia, 6 th ed., 2008, amend. April 2009) 1 .

Use [ change | change the code ]
Peppermint has been used for a long time in nature and for its essential oil . Archaeologists have found dried in sheets Pyramids 'of Egypt dating from the first millennium BC. Hippocrates and Aristotle used it as aphrodisiac (sedative, anesthetic). Like all mints, tradition assigns properties aromatic (tonic, tonic) and digestive properties (fight tape, bloating, gas).

Antispasmodic action because of menthyl acetate (ester) on the smooth muscle, the mint was once considered a panacea . The menthol and essential oils are antibacterial and antioxidant 2 .

If the properties attributed to the mint leaf have not been rigorously evaluated by testing in humans, the spasmolytic (antispasmodic =) of the essential oil were confirmed by clinical trials , double-blind versus placebo 3 , especially in patients with abdominal pain and bloating (syndrome-called "irritable bowel"). They have also been verified by trials during radiological or endoscopic examinations. Menthol induces a sensation of cold by stimulating thermoreceptors: this explains the subjective impression to breathe (when cold , nasal instillation), as well as alleviation of pruritus (topically).

Currently , the main "traditional" indications allowed (France) for the leaf and flowering top of peppermint are:

symptomatic treatment of digestive problems (bloating, slow digestion, etc.), including those attributed to hepatic origin;
adjuvant treatment of functional digestive disorders associated with pain;
to facilitate urinary and digestive elimination functions.
In local usage, based medicines mint are used (in fact they are usually based products essential oil)

if pruritus as softener and as protector (eg. crevices, insect bites);
if stuffy nose, cold;
for oral hygiene;
as an analgesic in the mouth or throat affections.
Alternative uses externally essential oil: relieve headaches (EMEA), migraine and sinusitis, itchy skin, rheumatic and muscular pains (recognized in Germany use) (ask an aromatherapist, MD or pharmacist as a precaution because it is a very active substance).

Also used in the manufacture of schnapps in Alsace by maceration [ref. needed]

Precautions (for essential oil)

The essential oil of mint and menthol can cause serious problems in young children when applied to the nose and face (risk of respiratory distress, coma). The monograph prepared by the European Medicines Agency ( EMEA ) said that its use is recommended or before eight, or in pregnant or lactating women. Its use is restricted dermal adult 4 ;
Obstruction of bile and inflammation of the gallbladder are cons-indications;
Contact with mucous membranes and eyes can cause irritation;
Rare cases of allergy have been reported following dermal application. Do not use in the bath or on the whole body.
Some authors recommend not to use it in epileptic subjects.
Use in cooking [ change | change the code ]
Peppermint is appreciated and used to make many dishes. Nevertheless, it should be noted that his marriage with other plants is complex and frequently avoided. It can be used in a leg of lamb, potatoes, peas or salad, a starter with yogurt sauce or a chocolate dessert 5 . Finally, she returned in making cocktails.

Culture [ change | change the code ]
Peppermint is grown in Europe , in Asia , in North Africa and North America . One plant, in general, peppermint in March, April. It can cuttings in March, July and August. It is harvested in May, June, July, August, September and October. It should preferably be planted in a sunny location. It requires a drained, fertile soil and fresh. It requires a pH between 6 and 7.

What is the essential oil (EO) of peppermint?

Peppermint ( Mentha piperita in Latin) is a perennial plant of about 80 cm. It bears little short spikes on which grow pink flowers. Its stems are quadrangular, its leaves are oval and toothed. It belongs to the family Lamiaceae.

This plant usually grows on fresh clay and limestone soils. It is also found in France, the United States, Russia, China and Southeast Asia.

Once dried, the whole plant is distilled to obtain the essential oil. Very light yellow color, smell is strong enough and flavor, tangy and refreshing.

Major components of the ET peppermint menthol, menthyl acetate, menthone, 1,8-cineole.

What are the benefits of the essential oil of peppermint?

The essential oil (EO) of peppermint has healing properties stimulating, recommended during congestion and swelling. It is also an antispasmodic and tonic.

The essential oils of peppermint has analgesic properties, anesthetic, analgesic, digestive, immune-stimulating, anti-infective and bactericides.

It relieves nausea and stomach pain. Food overload, flatulence and intestinal worms may also be reduced.

Other indications of HE peppermint, common cold, cough, bronchitis and asthma. It is effective against headaches, neuralgia, liver problems and muscle pain.

The essential oils of peppermint helps menstrual period and prevents the flow of milk. It soothes the mind (depression, fatigue ...) and promotes concentration.

It is also used in cases of tooth disorder, seizures, shingles, itching and hypertension.

Using essential oil (ET) Peppermint

Here are some examples of using the essential oil of peppermint, orally, in massage, for olfaction, dermal and inhalation routes.
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Oral

  • To maintain fresh breath, suck half a piece of cane sugar moistened with a drop of peppermint ET.

  • In order to stay awake during long car trips, soak a handkerchief HE peppermint and place it in the vent.

  • To calm the dizziness, eat a piece of bread soaked in a drop of peppermint ET.

  • To relieve vomiting, place a drop of essential oils of peppermint and a drop of HE basil on the bread and eat. A repeat until complete improvement.

Massage

To soothe migraines and headaches, apply a drop of peppermint ET on the forehead and temples, avoiding eye contact and a drop at the base of the neck.

By olfaction

For indigestion, breathe HE peppermint to the plug. If that is not enough, put a "trace" below the nostrils.

Dermal

When hitting, shock or trauma, place directly on the affected one drop of essential oils of peppermint pure to anesthetize the area.

Inhalation

To soothe headaches, breathing difficulties or concentration, prepare an inhalation-based 2 drops of essential oils of peppermint in a tablespoon of honey, diluted in a pint of hot water.

Caution: Essential oils should not be used pure, it is necessary to dilute with a vegetable oil (sweet almond for example).

The cons-indications of the essential oil (EO) of peppermint

  • The use of the essential oil of peppermint is prohibited for the duration of pregnancy and during breastfeeding.

  • The HE is banned in children under 6 years and use with caution in the elderly.

  • It is recommended not to abuse this essential oil.

Caution: Essential oils are not suitable for everyone! Individuals with chronic diseases and the elderly should consult a doctor before using essential oils.

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asked Aug 13, 2014 by Lancomega Level (10,245 points)
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