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Peppermint: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

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PEPPERMINT: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

Peppermint is a relatively new medicinal plant grown and used especially since the seventeenth century. Antispasmodic and decongestant properties are harnessed when nausea or respiratory diseases. Rubbed on the skin, peppermint oil is used against headache and muscle aches.

Origin and uses of peppermint

If we find traces of mint from ancient Egypt, its medical use is recent. In the seventeenth century, it has been a hybrid of the three known previously mint (M. aquatica, M. longifolia and M. rotundifolia) , giving rise to a more aromatic species, Mentha piperita . Peppermint belongs to the mint family.
Its dried leaves are used or essential oil obtained from the flowers. Its essential oil has been used very quickly rubbed on the temples to relieve headache , or inhalation during cold or cough . Today, it is mainly its antispasmodic properties (against spasms) that are searched when nausea, bloating or inflammation of the intestine .

Other traditional uses of peppermint
Peppermint, low dose would sedative (calming). In addition, it would increase the flow of milk and promote regular periods. It is also proposed in bronchitis, urinary tract infections and diarrhea. Applied friction, it would relieve muscle pain.

How peppermint does it work?
Menthol and menthone are the two active ingredients majority of peppermint. In animals, they have an action antispasmodic of the muscle fibers of the digestive and respiratory system. When the essential oil of peppermint is applied to the skin, it causes a sensation of cold that seems to decrease the sensitivity of pain receptors.

Some other plants intestinal antispasmodic
The herbal medicine also uses these traditional plants to relieve stomach aches:
Caraway (Carum carvi)
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)

How effective for peppermint?
Cross-analysis of six studies involving over 600 patients with syndrome irritable bowel (an inflammation bowel) showed that taking capsules of essential oil of peppermint dosed at 180-200 mg reduced abdominal pain and other symptoms, with modest efficacy, but significant.
In a small clinical trial with placebo , capsules containing a combination of essential oils of peppermint and caraway (Carum carvi) has shown some effectiveness in relieving the symptoms of indigestion . Some studies have also shown some efficacy of peppermint extracts in the treatment of nausea .
Finally, a study on the use of the essential oil of peppermint in of radiological examinations of the gastrointestinal tract showed a reduction in spasms of the esophagus and duodenum and yielded better images that 'usually used with antispasmodics.
The effects of the essential oil of peppermint on pain have not been clinical studies of good quality; The same applies to its other traditional uses.
The Views of health authorities
EMA ...
The European Medicines Agency considers "well established use of the essential oil of peppermint in relieving flatulence and abdominal pain especially when of irritable bowel . " She recommended to limit the use for adults and children over eight years.
It also considered "well established use by topical application of essential oil to relieve headaches "in adults. Is "traditionally made ​​use of the essential oil of peppermint in inhalation against the cough and colds , and track skin against muscle soreness and small itchy skin . " Local use is against-indicated in children under two years and recommended until the age of four.
WHO ...
The World Health Organization recognizes that the use of the essential oil of peppermint is "scientifically proven to treat syndrome irritable bowel and digestive disorders such as flatulence and gastritis; by way externally, the essential oil is effective against muscle pain and headaches. " The peppermint leaves are "traditionally used in the symptomatic treatment of digestive disorders , flatulence and intestinal colic . "
Commission E ...
Commission E of the German Ministry of Health recognizes the use of the leaves and dye peppermint in "gastrointestinal cramps including the gallbladder and bile ducts . "
ESCOP ...
European scientific cooperation in herbal medicine recognizes the use of peppermint in "treating the symptoms of digestive disorders such as flatulence, the syndrome irritable bowel, as well as in the cough and cold. " It also recognizes its local application to relieve "colds, joint pain , tension headaches and symptoms of skin irritation. "
NIH ...
The National Institutes of Health American consider peppermint "may be useful in reducing intestinal spasms during and after endoscopy (examination of the gastrointestinal tract using a tube equipped with a camera) and reduces symptoms the syndrome irritable bowel ", emphasizing the need for additional studies before formally recommend its use.
How to use peppermint?
Dosage forms and peppermint
The essential oil of peppermint should be packaged as tablets or enteric-coated capsules (which are resistant to stomach acid) to prevent spasms of the larynx, and irritation of the esophagus and stomach. In clinical studies, the dose varies depending on age:
0.2 to 0.4 ml three times per day for children over 12 and adults;
0.2 ml three times per day for children aged 8 to 12 years.
The capsules are taken before meals and treatment is continued without exceeding a period of three months. In France, there are no medicines to swallow containing peppermint oil.
To decongest the airways in case of cold, mint essential oil can be used in inhalation , with three to four drops in a bowl of hot water.
In infusion is used from March to June g of leaves per day (one tablespoon per 150 ml of water, leaving infuse ten minutes).
In application to the skin , the essential oil should always be diluted in another vegetable oil, to avoid scalding.
Cons-indications of peppermint
Because peppermint seems to stimulate the secretion of bile, the existence of calculating the gallbladder must-show against the use by way of oral peppermint, to avoid a crisis of biliary colic.
Side effects and overdose of peppermint
The side effects of the essential oil of peppermint appear when direct contact with the esophagus or stomach, causing gastro-oesophageal reflux and heartburn .
An overdose accidental essential oil of peppermint can cause a rash of headaches , a slow heartbeat and dizziness requiring patient prompt medical care. In young children, there were the side effects like severe convulsions when using essential oil of mint. The adverse effects of agitation-type were observed in the elderly.
Interactions of peppermint with other substances
Peppermint can interact with numerous medications, because it seems to inhibit some of the molecules responsible for their elimination from the body. Caution is called for. In addition, the essential oil of peppermint reduces the effectiveness of certain heart medications (calcium channel blockers). People who take long-term treatment should consult their doctor before taking large amounts of peppermint.

Peppermint, pregnancy and lactation
The therapeutic use of peppermint is against-indicated during the first trimester of pregnancy, due to the possibility of stimulating effect on the uterus. Breastfeeding women should also refrain from doing so, the active ingredients of peppermint is likely to pass into the milk.
Peppermint in children
Due to the particular sensitivity of the larynx children peppermint (apnea by reflex spasm of the larynx), the use of all forms of mint is against-indicated in children under two years , it is not recommended between two and four and all children subject to years convulsions .

The use of essential oil of peppermint in children under eight years is strongly discouraged. Better is the book for adults.
In 2008, AFSSAPS (French Agency for Safety of Health Products) has issued recommendations on the use of cosmetics containing menthol in children under six. Their menthol content must be reduced (less than 4.5% menthol). Too high doses expose indeed to side effects serious (including convulsions ).
The expert's opinion on peppermint
The use of peppermint leaves in tea hardly require any special (except for children under four years). However, the use of essential oil must be in compliance with the doctor's advice, especially if it is ingested.

Process for obtaining Complete Distillation by steam
Distilled organ : aerial parts
Botanical name : Mentha x piperita Franco-Mitcham
Country of origin : France
C ulture : conventional
Quality : 100% pure and natural
Distillation : July 2013 (lots and OHE0604 OHE0605)
Best used before the end : July 2017 (lots and OHE0604 OHE0605)
Note: On the label, the lot number is followed by a letter indicating the series of conditioning

Organoleptic properties
· Appearance : liquid very fluid
· Color : colorless to pale yellow
· Smell : grassy, ​​fresh, minty, powerful

Storage conditions : dry, away from heat and light

Major biochemical components - gas chromatography batch stage OHE0 604 :
Monoterpenols : menthol (43.11%)
Oxides : 1,8-cineole (3.65%), menthofuran (1.26%)
Monoterpénones : menthone (24.06%) , pulegone (1.09%)
Terpene esters : menthyl acetate (4.67%)

Major biochemical components - gas chromatography stage batch OHE0605 :
Monoterpenols : menthol (40.86%)
Oxides : 1,8-cineole (5.05%), menthofuran (1.55%)
Monoterpénones : menthone (25.92%) , pulegone (1.23%)
Terpene esters : menthyl acetate (4.13%)

Density : 0901-0916
Flash point (the temperature at which the product is flammable) : 67 ° C
Some natural compounds in the essential oil may be at risk of allergy in susceptible individuals when the essential oil is incorporated into a cosmetic composition (according to the 7th Amendment of the European Directive on cosmetic products (2003/15 / EC) ): limonene, linalool.
Generally, always making an application of your test preparation in the elbow, at least 48 hours before using.

LITERATURE FOCUS
Warning : the properties, uses and indications brought to your attention by this focus are excerpts from scientific literature known authors have been selected by our team of researchers consisting of 4 chemical engineers and pharmacists .
Properties:
- Tonic and stimulating cardiac, digestive, pancreatic and nervous
- Decongestant nasal, liver and prostate
- Anesthetic and analgesic , antipruritic (relieves itching)
- Antimalarial
- Refreshing
- bactericide, fungicide
- A nti-intestinal and urinary inflammatory
- Anticatarrhale, expectorant, mucolytic
- Emmenagogue: favors rules

Directions :
- Insufficient Hepatopancreatic, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, biliary colic
- Indigestion, dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, flatulence
- Motion sickness, vertigo
- Neuralgia, sciatica, arthritis, rheumatism, tendonitis, migraines, headaches
- Zona, herpes, viral neuritis
- Malaria
- Rhinitis, sinusitis, otitis
- Cystitis, colitis, prostatitis, colitis nephritic
- Pruritus (hives, eczema, chicken pox)
- Hypotension
- Shock, trauma
- Asthenia (fatigue) physical, mental and sexual

External use :
- Frictions applied carefully (very powerful cooling effect)
- Broadcast mixed with other oils to refresh the mood of a room

Synergies:
- Soft broadcast Compositions: lavender, cypress, rosewood, rosemary
- Antiviral and anticatarrhal: Ravintsara
- Antiprurigineuse Annual Tansy
- Stomachic, carminative: Cumin meadows
- General Stimulant: Cinnamon bark

Caution s :
Never peppermint oil undiluted bath.
Skin Irritation: dilute a maximum of 30% in vegetable oil.
In high doses, neurotoxic and abortive: strongly discouraged in pregnant women, lactating, epileptic patients, the elderly and children under 6 years.
No prolonged use without the advice of an aromatherapist.

Formulas from reference books in aromatherapy :
HE = Essential Oil
HV = Vegetable oil
Digestive disorders :
1 Small liver failure (NARD).:
Gaultheria procumbens HE (Wintergreen): 3 ml
HE thujanol Thymus vulgaris (Thyme thujanol): 2 ml
HE Daucus carota (Carrot): 1ml
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 2 ml
HE verbenone Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary verbenone): 2 ml
2 drops on half sugar every morning for three weeks, stopping one week then repeat the treatment for 3 months
2 Fetid breath (D. Baudoux).:
HE Peppermint 2 ml
HE Basil exotic 1 ml
HE Lemon 2 ml
2 drops of the mixture 3 times daily before meals on fourth sugar or 1 teaspoon of olive oil.
3 Difficult digestion (Baudoux).:
HE Cumin: 1 drop
HE Basil 1 drop
HE Peppermint 1 drop
on a suitable support (honey, sugar, maple syrup) 3 times a day
4 Heartburn (Baudoux)
HE Chamomile: 2 drops
HE Peppermint 1 drop
HE Basil 2 drops
2 drops of the mixture on 1/4 of sugar cane to suck or a teaspoon of olive oil before meals and, in addition, 3 drops of the mixture on the solar plexus after the meal.

Nervous system disorders:
5 asthenia (fatigue), mental (NARD).
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 2 ml
HE Laurus nobilis (noble Laurier): 1 ml
Abs. Jasmimum officinalis (Jasmine): 0.5 ml
HV Hazel: additional 15 ml
2 drops on the front (or third eye) 2 to 3 times a day and 2 drops on the inner wrist inhaled as required
6 Memory Disorders (Dr Willem):
HE Peppermint 1 drop
HE Basil tropical 1 drop
HE Scots pine 1 drop
to take on fourth of sugar before each of three meals for 15 days
7 Difficulty concentrating in children (D. Baudoux)
HE Ravintsara: 1 ml
HE Clove: 0.2 ml
HE Peppermint: 1 ml
Transcutol: additional 15 ml
Apply 3 drops of the mixture on the solar plexus and the inner wrist, repeated as necessary. ONLY FOR CHILDREN OVER 6 YEARS.
Note: transcutol is an uncommon pharmaceutical preparation which allows you to easily penetrate the fatty substances such as essential oils to the skin. It can be easily replaced by a dry vegetable oil as Hazelnut, Kukui, Macadamia or vegetable oil.
S anoint the skin:
8 varicose. Eczema ( D. Baudoux )
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 0.5 ml
HE Pistacia lentiscus (Mastic): 1 ml
HE Eucalyptus citriodora (Lemon Eucalyptus): 4 ml
HE Cupressus sempervirens (Cypress evergreen): 2 ml
HE Laurus nobilis (noble Laurier): 2 ml
HE Thymus vulgaris CT thujanol (Thyme thujanol): 2 ml
Melaleuca alternifolia ET (Tea Tree): 4 ml
HV Calophyllum inophylum (Callophyla): 10 ml
Triticum vulgare HV (Wheat germ) to 100 ml
It is accompanied by itching, add 0.5 ml of Tanacetum annuum (Annual Tansy).
2-3 applications per day, locally on eczema,
in addition to an oral capsule oil Callophyla inophyle
9 . Atopic eczema (Baudoux)
Solid (cream)
HE Peppermint: 0.5 ml
ET Annual Tansy: 0.5 ml
HE Katafray: 0.5 ml
HE Immortal: 1 ml
HV Primrose: 5 ml
Argan HV: 5 ml
Calendula HV: 5 ml
Eucerine pH5 (or shea butter) to 100 g
2-3 local applications per day until significant improvement.
10 Zona. (NARD)
HE Eucalyptus citriodora (Lemon Eucalyptus): 3 ml
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 3 ml
HE thujanol Thymus vulgaris (Thyme thujanol): 3 ml
HE Cinnamomum camphora Ct cineole (Ravintsara): 3 ml
Lavandula latifolia HE spica (Spike Lavender): 3 ml
HV Calendula: additional 30 ml
6 local applications per day until healed.
11 . Zona in children (Baudoux)
HE Mentha pipierita (Peppermint): 1ml
HE Ravintsara: 2 ml
HE Lavandula latifolia spica: 1 ml
HE Chamaemelum nobile: 2 ml
HV Wort: 1 ml
Carbomer gel 2%: additional 50 ml
Apply a dab of this gel on the blisters of shingles 6 times a day for 10-15 days.
12 Skin Allergy / pruritus (itching) (Baudoux)
HE Matricaria recutita (German Chamomile): 0.5 ml
Lavandula latifolia HE spica (Spike Lavender): 1 ml
HE Eucalyptus citriodora (Lemon Eucalyptus): 1 ml
Mentha x piperita HE (Peppermint): 1 ml
Talc or green clay: up to 100 g in a powder-flask
2 or 3 local applications per day until complete improvement
Other:
13 / sciatic arthritis in adults (Baudoux).:
HE Immortal 2 drops
HE Wintergreen 1 drop
HE Peppermint 1 drop
HE Lemon Eucalyptus 3 drops
HE Vetiver 1 drop
3-4 drops of the mixture topically to the solar plexus 3-4 times daily for 10 days
14 Trauma (Baudoux).:
HE Wintergreen 1 ml
HE Immortal 3 ml
HE Geranium Egypt 1 ml
HE Peppermint 1 ml
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4-6 drops of the mixture topically to the painful area four times a day for 3 days
15 circulatory and liver headache (NARD).:
Gaultheria procumbens HE (Wintergreen): 1 ml
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 2 ml
HE Laurus nobilis (noble Laurier): 0.5 ml
HE Lavandula angustifolia (true lavender): 1 ml
HV Hazel: additional 10 ml
2 drops locally to repeat as needed
16 Headache, migraine (NARD).:
HE Artemisia dracunculus (Tarragon): 2 ml
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 2 ml
Lavandula latifolia HE spica (Spike Lavender): 3 ml
Gaultheria procumbens HE (Wintergreen): 1 ml
HV Wort: additional 15 ml
3 drops locally to improve
17 Sickness (NARD).:
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 2 ml
HE Artemisia dracunculus (Tarragon): 1 ml
HE Citrus aurantium ssp. aur. (Petitgrain): 2 ml
2 drops on half sugar cube to suck more as needed 3 drops on the solar plexus
18 Sinusitis (NARD).:
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 3 ml
Lavandula latifolia ET (Spike Lavender): 2 ml
Melaleuca alternifolia ET (Tea Tree): 4 ml
HE dives Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus dives): 1 ml
3 drops 3 times a day on the front and on a tissue to inhale at will
19 bursitis (inflammation of a cerous scholarship) (D. Baudoux).:
HE Peppermint 2 ml
HE Wintergreen 2 ml
HE Lemon Eucalyptus 4 ml
4-6 drops of the mixture in local application in penetrating massage three times daily
20 Flushing (D. Baudoux).:
HE Peppermint 3 ml
HE Cypress 2 ml
HE Immortal 1 ml
2 drops of the mixture on 1/4 of sugar cube to suck or a teaspoon of olive oil to swallow two to three times a day as needed and 2 applications a day 3 drops on the solar plexus
21 Disorders of menopause and perimenopause (D.Baudoux)
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 1 ml
HE Salvia sclarea (Clary Sage): 3ml
HE Illicium verum (Anise): 2 ml
HE Cupressus sempervirens (Cypress): 2ml
HE Melaleuca quinquenervia ct cineole (Niaouli) 3ml
HE Calophyllum inophyllum (Callophyla): 5ml
HV Corylus Avellana (Hazel) to 100 ml
skin application: Application 1 (10 drops) 2 to 3 times a day at the base of the spine or stomach.
22 . Hepatitis A and B (Franchomme)
Dermal anti-viral intended route:
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 2 ml
HE Cinnamomum camphora (Ravintsara): 4 ml
HE asperum Pelargonium (Geranium roses): 4 ml
Gel: up to 100 g
1 application 3 times daily in the liver for 10 days; Stop 7 days, then repeat if necessary
23 Physical fatigue (Baudoux).:
HE Black pepper: 1 ml
HE Black spruce 2 ml
HE Scots pine 2 ml
HE Peppermint 1 ml
HE Balsam Fir 1 ml
4 drops of the mixture in the lower back (in the kidneys) for breakfast and lunch for a week.
24 Hay fever, allergic rhinitis (NARD).:
HE Eucalyptus radiata (Eucalyptus radiata): 2 ml
HE dives Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus dives): 2 ml
HE mentha piperita (Peppermint): 1 ml
HE Litsea citrata (lemon Litsée): 1 ml
3-4 drops on the sinus areas repeat as needed
25 Lumbago (D. Baudoux).:
HE Laurel: 1 drop
HE Peppermint 1 drop
HE Lemon Eucalyptus 2 drops
locally 3-5 times a day
26 varices (Baudoux).:
HE Peppermint: 2 ml
HE Cypress evergreen: 2 ml
HE Mastic: 1 ml
HE Italian Helichrysum (Everlasting): 1 ml
HE Vetiver: 1 ml
Callophyla HV inophyle: 3 ml
4-6 drops of the mixture topically to the area 3 times daily until symptoms
27 Caries (D. Baudoux).:
HE Tea tree: 1 ml
HE Peppermint: 2 ml
HE Winter savory: 3 ml
HV Sesame: 3 ml
2 drops locally decay (with a cotton swab) and 2 drops on the opposite cheek pain 3-4 times per day.
Thinning 28 (D.Baudoux)
HE peppermint 2 drops
HE lemon 2 drops
HE rosemary verbenone: 1 drop
HE patchouli 1 drop
3 drops of the mixture in a teaspoon of olive oil 3 times daily before meals
for our essential oils: 1 ml = about 35 drops (with current codigouttes)
for vegetable oils: 1 pump stroke (aluminum Aroma-Zone) = 0.15 ml approximately
to convert the mass volume for a liquid (and vice versa), you can use the following formula:
mass = density x volume at 20 ° C
For more information and for any therapeutic use of essential oils, consult a doctor.
sure to read the precautions before using essential oils.

WARNING: These properties, indications and methods of use are derived from books or Web sites reference aromatherapy. We found them on a regular basis and confirmed by many observations in scientific circles. This information is presented for informational purposes, they do not in any way constitute medical information, or engage our responsibility. To use essential oils for therapeutic purposes, consult a doctor.

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