PEPPERMINT: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?
The peppermint ( Mentha × piperita ) is a popular healing - and spice plant from the genus of mints . There is a - probably incidental - cross between M. aquatica and M. spicata , with M. spicata turn a cross of M. rotundifolia and M. longifolia is. Of other mints are peppermint differs mainly by the high menthol - and low Carvongehalt or by the sharper taste (hence the name pepper mint).
The peppermint was used medicinal plant of the year named in 2004.
Contents [ Hide ]
1 dissemination and propagation
3.1 Medicinal plant
5 See also
6 Notes and references
7 External links
Dissemination and propagation [ Edit ]
Peppermint. The stem is slightly bluish.
There are numerous wild mint species that are native to Europe, see mints . The genus Mentha (mint) is highly variable and tends to bastardization ; an exact delimitation of the various species and varieties is difficult.
In an English garden only discovered in 1696 by the biologist John Ray the particular healing peppermint ( Mentha × piperita ) as a - probably accidental - intersection of Bach mint (M. aquatica) and forest mint (M. spicata). since M. spicata turn a cross from Ross mint (M. longifolia) and M. rotundifolia is, it is in mint to a largely sterile TripAdvisor Elba Stard; a real varietal propagation is therefore possible only vegetatively (by cuttings), but not from seed. Breeding efforts have led to many subspecies, varieties and forms. In Mitcham in London, the peppermint was grown in 1750; the dark green variety, Mitcham 'is still the most valued. The main distinction is dark green (, black mint ') and light green (, white mint') varieties.
Peppermint always comes from cultures of temperate climates and often neglected from the cultures, such as in Mitcham in Surrey / England as well as in southern Germany. Major crops are found in Michigan and New York , in Spain, the Balkans, South America and Asia.
In Germany there are smaller regions in the marshes around Munich, especially in the municipality Eichenau , where also the only mint museum is located. In addition, peppermint is in Lower and Middle Franconia and Upper and Lower Bavaria and the Upper Palatinate and the eastern Thuringian basin cultivated field default. There is a railway line from Straußfurt after Großheringen that the name Pfefferminzbahn bears, as these among others for transporting the harvested herbs in this area - has been set up - especially peppermint.
Appearance [ Edit ]
Peppermint ( Mentha × piperita ), inflorescences.
Peppermint is a perennial herbaceous plant. The 30 to 90 cm high mint is a hardy perennial that roots flat and developed numerous aboveground and underground runners. The stems are low to very hairy and sparsely branched, with some origins are covered reddish. The deciduous leaves are opposite arranged, oblong-ovate to lanceolate, serrated rough at the edges and often provided with a violet veins. The July-September from appearing pink to purple blooming flowers are in terminal spikes. The broken at the base black and bluish purple colored flowers are terminal.
Peppermint is a long-day plant. Under short day conditions foothills are predominantly formed under long-day conditions for 14 hours it grows upright and blooms. In the fall of the herb stalls, in the spring the plant drives again.  The leaves have a strong odor peculiar, volatile balmy and pleasant tasting spice way, initially warming, then cooling striking.
Use [ Edit ]
The leaves contain essential peppermint oil and be like as teeähnliches drink or spice used. The most important ingredient is menthol , which is found more in the older leaves. The first annual harvest takes place just before flowering (flowering period June to August) and provides higher quality; the second crop in the fall of the lower. The leaves are mostly fresh, but mainly dried in the Trade (mint tea). Furthermore, large quantities of obtaining the essential peppermint oil are needed. Peppermint oil is extensively used as odor and flavor.
Since peppermint is known only since 1696, it is missing in the herbals of antiquity and the Middle Ages. Other mints, however, were used earlier.
Medicinal plant [ Edit ]
Peppermint is one of the most popular medicinal plants, although the usual food quality has a usually much too small for the therapeutic application of active ingredient content. However, a satisfactory effect presupposes a sufficiently high dosage; therefore, pharmaceutical grade required (including at least 1.2 percent essential oil, food quality, sometimes drastically lower). The most important ingredient is the essential oil, and also Labiatengerbstoffe, flavonoids and others. Peppermint stimulates bile flow and bile production, antispasmodic case of complaints in the gastrointestinal area, antimicrobial and antiviral. Therefore, it is in biliousness (also lighter biliary colic) and "indigestion" used with success. The essential oil is also used for rubbing in migraine, headache and nerve pain as well as for inhalation for colds; applies here as for all strong-smelling essential oils: caution in infants and young children. When cold is the perceived cooling effect in the foreground, which is perceived as a refreshing and pleasant; a measurable decongestant effect does not exist. Special preparations are prepared so that they dissolve in the intestine, also be applied to irritable bowel syndrome. In addition, the active ingredients of peppermint also have a slightly sedative effect. Therefore Peppermint is also used in teas to calm the nerves and promote sleep for use. 
Little known is that complaints heartburn with strong acid reflux ( reflux esophagitis ) may be enhanced in the esophagus by peppermint.
Drink [ Edit ]
non alcoholic [ Edit ]
Mint tea with fresh leaves.
Peppermint tea is widely used as soft drink. Here fresh or dried leaves of the plant are doused with hot water. The taste is the essential oils and the weak astringent taste intended effect of tannins. Also, long term use harmful effects are not expected.
Also fresh mint from the garden house is used, often for years without special care, sometimes wild, thrives. This is often not distinguished between the various mint species, which can significantly different taste.
In Arab and North African countries mint tea is a national drink . Peppermint tea is often drunk as a beverage in Europe.
alcoholic [ Edit ]
Peppermint can be prepared for the cold Mojito and other cocktails are used. Peppermint essences for the preparation of peppermint liqueur used.
Candy [ Edit ]
Peppermint is also frequently for flavoring called mints, peppermint chewing gum or chocolate fillings used as well as ice cream flavor.
Miscellaneous [ Edit ]
In the Upper Bavarian village of Eichenau , west of Munich, is dedicated to the mint museum of up in the 1950s there cultivated medicinal plant. In addition to growing, harvesting and drying of peppermint, the museum with the history, mythology and medicinal properties of the plant concerned.
Peppermint tea: effect
Primarily mint shows in complaints in the gastrointestinal area a positive effect: The fact that he has a calming, antispasmodic and analgesic in this area, stomach and abdominal pain, cramping menstrual cramps and bloating are relieved. Who suffers from intestinal colic or inflammation of the gastric mucosa, is the application with mint feel a marked improvement. He is also known as diarrhea to be helpful for digestive problems. Nausea and vomiting are vermindet and the appetite is encouraged.
In addition promotes tea production of bile juice and stimulates its flow, which is why he often finds its application in disorders such as gallstones.
But even with flu, colds and colds comes mint tea again and again to use: It kills germs in the mouth and throat and has anti-inflammatory, which is why he applies for a sore throat and scrapes and coughs as an appropriate means. Another positive effect is ridding the respiratory tract, as mint is not only refreshing, but also an expectorant.
A healing effect of peppermint tea was also observed in headache: Its refreshing and cooling effect tension headaches and migraines are alleviated. In addition, the tea improves concentration and helps by its soothing effect when falling asleep.
The most famous mint tea is known for its soothing and antispasmodic action on the digestive tract and that he relieves diarrhea, Pbelkeit and nausea.
THE PEPPERMINT OIL (MENTHA PIPERITA) HELPS WITH INDIGESTION, FOR EXAMPLE, IRRITABLE BOWEL. FURTHERMORE, THE PEPPERMINT HELPS WITH HEADACHES.
The peppermint is in the form of mint tea found in many households. Peppermint tastes not only good, it also helps with all sorts of complaints.
THE PEPPERMINT WAS THE MEDICINAL PLANT OF 2004.
Peppermint is almost to be found anywhere, even in many domestic gardens it is now planted. The peppermint loves moist soil, but otherwise she is very frugal.
The large mint family has many members, not just the peppermint. These include the water mint , the mint, the field mint or bergamot mint.
Common to all is the typical peppermint odor that is found, for example, in chewing gum or toothpaste.
Peppermint is stimulating, expectorant, sedative, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, cholagogue, antispasmodic and carminative.
Peppermint is also antiseptic and expectorant, they can therefore particularly well with a flu, a cold or a runny nose use.
Peppermint is an herbaceous perennial that grows up to 90 cm high. It has a smooth stem, is square in cross section. The rhizomes are widespread, fleshy, with bare fibrous roots.
The leaves are 4-9 cm long and 1.5-4 cm broad, dark green with fine veins, the margins are coarsely toothed, the leaf is pointed.
The flowers are purple, 6-8 mm long, with a four-leaf crown, about 5 mm in diameter; they stand around in whorls around the stem.
The peppermint plant grows quickly, as soon as they sprout, it spreads very quickly.
ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS OILS
The essential oil of peppermint is probably one of the best known oils. The peppermint scent enhances the performance of the brain, it promotes a clear mind and refreshes our mind. The brain is more alert and the memory is strengthened. Mint oil is suitable for example for fragrance lamps in offices. It can also be good with Lemon oil mix, which further enhances the mental faculties.
It was found in an American study out, for example, that students were able to solve mathematical tasks much better, when the scent of peppermint in the air was.
If you go on trips, the mint oil should not be missing in the first aid kit. It helps quickly against nausea or dizziness , weakness or in case of a shock. Even a single drop of mint oil dropped onto a handkerchief, in slight headache or help with tension in the neck area. The essential oil of peppermint stimulates the cold receptors on your skin, so that the pain lines are blocked to the brain - which means that the pain is gone. This leads to a relaxation of the head muscles and the neck muscles.
In muscle pain can peppermint oil, applied to the skin, also alleviate the pain.
In addition, peppermint sells in garden ants, flea beetles and cabbage white flies.
HISTORY OF THE PEPPERMINT
The peppermint was probably used in ancient Egypt, at least they found remains of peppermint in ancient Egyptian tombs.
Today's most commonly encountered form of peppermint is caused by a random crossing in the 17th century. Near a mint field (also known as spearmint spearmint) in England grew wild brook mints and fertilization then formed the peppermint. Because of its properties it has since been cultivated.
EFFECT AND APPLICATION OF PEPPERMINT
Stimulation of bile flow in biliary complaints
Inflammation of the gastric mucosa
Lack of concentration
Muscle and soft tissue rheumatism
for the relief of spasmodic menstrual pain
Common names of peppermint
Field mint, Core mint, balm, mint precious, English mint, garden mint, catmint, Teeminze
Main effect of peppermint
Peppermint is refreshing and cooling and soothing the stomach, also it relieves headache .
Plant Parts Used
Used the leaves
Essential oil (including menthol), tannins , bitter compounds , enzymes