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Peppermint: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

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PEPPERMINT: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

Peppermint - effect
Has been demonstrated in animal studies and clinical trials that peppermint leaves stimulate bile production and blähungslindernd and antispasmodic effect on the smooth muscle of the digestive system. Peppermint oil also has anti-spasmodic and blähungslindernde, but in addition also anti-bacterial effect. The cooling effect of peppermint oil is based on the content of menthol, which influences the cold receptors and can even relieve pain.

Peppermint side effects
In very rare cases it can cause mild stomach discomfort when taking peppermint preparations. Interactions with other agents are currently unknown.

Peppermint - Dosage
Peppermint leaves are offered in the form of tea as well as an extract in many herbal medicines. The tea is also available in filter bags; Peppermint is also often a component of blends (for example gastric tea, tea nerve, liver and gallbladder tea). Peppermint leaves are often added to teas but also as a flavor. For external use peppermint is also contained in cold ointments, inhalants and bath additives. Go manufacture a inhalant 3-4 drops of peppermint oil are placed in hot water and the steam inhaled for. The average daily dose is, unless otherwise prescribed: 3-6 g peppermint leaves or 5-15 g of tincture. In gastrointestinal complaints 6-12 drops of peppermint oil may be taken daily. Peppermint tea shows no harmful side effects even when permanently (but not overuse

Peppermint
Peppermint was originally not in the wild before, the plant is a hybrid of different types of mint. Today peppermint is especially common in North America and Europe. The drug is exclusively vegetatively propagated crops, mainly from the USA, Spain, Bulgaria, Thuringia and Bavaria, won. In herbal medicine to be a fresh or dried peppermint leaves (Menthae piperitae folium), on the other hand but also that obtained by steam distillation from the flowering aerial parts essential oil (Menthae piperitae aetheroleum) used.

Peppermint Features
The now widespread Peppermint is a hybrid of different types of mint. The normally hairless plant can grow up to 90 cm high. The stems are often reddish to purple, and pale red to purple flowers are in elongated terminal inflorescences. If one grinds the decussate leaves between your fingers, this smell of menthol. A Minzeart, lemon mint, is often used in the perfume industry as a flavoring. The drug consists of thin and very brittle, egg-shaped blades which are 3-9 cm long. The leaf veins are fiederig and often undermined purple. Under the microscope can also be seen in the glandular scales as yellow dots. Peppermint gives off a very intense and characteristic menthol scent. The taste of peppermint leaves is spicy and very aromatic. The leaves take on mucous membranes and skin cooling. Given the intensity of smell and taste Peppermint is a popular plant in the food industry, which uses them as to flavor chewing gum or candy.

Peppermint preparation
1.5 g of the leaves are (1 tablespoon corresponds to about 1.5 g) doused with hot water and, after 5-10 minutes through a tea strainer to prepare a peppermint tea. After 10 minutes, 20-25% of the essential oil are found in tea infusion. 1 cup of cooked so the tea can be consumed 3-4 times daily. Peppermint leaves should be at a closure of the bile ducts, gall bladder (cholecystitis) and severe liver damage can not be taken. If you suffer from gallstones, a doctor should be consulted before taking any case. In asthma, the administration of peppermint preparations may eventually lead to an exacerbation of the disease. Peppermint oil should be applied in small children not in the facial region be taken internally for infections of the upper respiratory tract, as this can sometimes lead to severe spasms of the respiratory muscles and even respiratory arrest. The drug should be stored dry and protected from light.

Peppermint - Application
Peppermint leaves are due to the anticonvulsant properties especially for the treatment of convulsive disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and bloating. In addition, spasms of the gall bladder and bile ducts may be treated with peppermint. Traditional applications are supporting the digestion and mucus in the upper respiratory tract.

Peppermint oil is used for colds, fevers, colds, infections and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and mucous membrane inflammation in the area of ​​the mouth and throat. For these types of complaints are often also suggests the use of oil as an inhalant. As the leaves can be taken for cramp pains in the stomach-intestine and bile ducts and the oil inside. Because of the cooling effect of the oil can also be applied externally for headaches and muscle and nerve pain. In folk medicine, peppermint leaves are used for nausea and slight nausea. In addition, peppermint, however, remedy for flatulence and, together with other Teedrogen, classically used to treat indigestion, as a stomachic as a soothing agent. In homeopathy Peppermint is also used for the treatment of colds.

Peppermint Ingredients
The most important active ingredient in peppermint is menthol, which (35-40%) is included in the essential oil of leaves in a high proportion. Other ingredients are flavonoids, glycosides, tannins and triterpenes.

Peppermint indication
Spasms, cramping discomfort, indigestion, flatulence, gall ailments, colds, fever, runny nose, mucous membrane inflammation, inflammation, infection, headache, muscle pain, nerve pain

Peppermint grows in every garden. Most of all she likes mud and clayey limestone soil and is particularly fruitful. The plant is 30-80 cm high. Characteristic are its four-sided stems and oblong-elliptic, narrowing and at the edge coarsely toothed leaves. The pink flowers are often divided in spike-like inflorescences. Today's Minzart, so most older authors pharmacological literature agree [1], descended from a bastard occurred in England. Since then the intersection is from Mentha crispa and Mentha aquatica cultivated. "The peppermint is exceptionally easy to clean," says Stefano Airoldi , eidgeprüfter Dipl. pharmaceutical consultant, herbal pastor Kunzle AG, Quartino, "but it can spread like weeds, if it is not consistent to a maximum area". The peppermint has numerous underground and surface streamers. Only the underground propagation serve. "The roots are sometimes deeper than 20 cm and over Once offshoot show in more remote areas of the garden in search of water.,

They must be immediately removed radically," says Airoldi. Also a daily, good irrigation of peppermint in dry periods may help that they do not spread excessively. How much must be grown from the plant depends on the needs. For occasional seasoning or fresh, aromatic tea enough about an area of one square meter. If an own winter supplies are applied, a simple calculation can help you determine the effort: In order to obtain 200 grams of tea, a kilo of fresh peppermint leaves must be harvested and dried.
Collecting household:
Peppermint leaves can be well preserved by drying. The time just before flowering is best for culling of proper leaves. During this time, they contain the most essential ingredients. A sunny summer day - the morning dew should be dried long ago - is also important. Because moisture is drawn, for example, by rain, pouring in the previous sheets, delays the drying process and can cause mold. The harvested leaves are spread in a dry place on a clean surface, carefully. The slow drying is gentle and most environmentally friendly. Can crush crackling between her fingers the leaves, they are transferred into dark glasses. They last about one year.
Not everything is healthy

Strong in stature as taste
"Peppermint can open up a fascinating world," Airoldi, "there are now alone in our latitudes 40 different cultivars with different flavors such as lemon, melon - there is something for everyone." What for garden lovers is still important: The mint stunted extremely rapidly, and the medically active menthol content can quickly. If the action be maintained, peppermint must be replanted every two years at the latest. Note also that they would like from the rust fungus Puccinia menthae is attacked. The stock may fall ill and even destroyed. The fungus also reduces the content of the essential oil of up to 60 percent. For the organic gardener, there are no approved agents against rust. "The only way that plants radically cut down in winter and thus to interrupt the growth cycle of the fungus," says Airoldi. And: "While there are no studies how rust affects the health of a human, but it contains toxins," says Airoldi. To be sure, the expert in collecting the leaves is recommended to use only green, flawless and no brown spotted leaves for culinary use, and / or to dry for tea.
Dried peppermint leaves must be protected from light because of the essential portions and stored dry. The best options are dark brown lenses. Plastic containers are unsuitable: The plasticizer of the plastic material absorb essential oil, thus the effect is reduced.
The sunnier the better

Preparation for drying
Peppermint and many other closely related mint species found worldwide culinary use: In English cuisine Peppermint is indispensable and is considered as the most important next thyme herb. The Turks consider them to be fresh yogurt addition. In Thailand, mint, however, there has a milder taste, popular as a condiment for fish soups or chicken dishes. The different species vary in flavor and sharpness - depending on the content of menthol. The essential oil of peppermint is composed mainly of menthol (up to 50%), menthone (10-30%) and menthyl acetate. Menthol and menthyl acetate are responsible for the pungent and refreshing taste. Both oil components are found mainly in older leaves, where they are formed with the help of sunlight. The more intense and longer it is, the higher the content of the essential oil - why taste and smell peppermint species from the southern countries also much more intense than in northern latitudes.
The medicinal plant
If the medicinal plant considered, it's all about the peppermint leaves (Menthae piperitae folium) and the oil extracted. As already mentioned, it mainly contains essential oil, flavonoids and tannins Lamiaceae (including rosmarinic acid). Your spectrum is almost unbeatable: The contents of the leaves are antispasmodic, therefore Peppermint tea is used for cramp pains in the stomach and bowel and gallbladder. It is, for example, in Pahlow, a medicinal plant experts and pharmacists: "Peppermint tea is a compelling stomachic ... With a single cup of peppermint tea, slowly sipped and moderately warm, you can very often produce an immediate effect" [ 2]. The antispasmodic effect is caused by the menthol, which acts directly on the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract. Menthol also has an antiseptic effect, that prevents bacteria or fungi on growth. Therefore cold peppermint tea is suitable to allow healing of inflammation (gingivitis) mouth quickly. The carminative action exempt from excruciating abdominal pain caused by bloating. The tea also stimulates gastric secretion, accelerates gastric emptying and is good for children who suffer from anorexia. Warning: People with chronic stomach problems is discouraged too much mint tea: The menthol content itself is too strong on the challenged gastric mucosa. Much sound here is a mix of peppermint and chamomile in the ratio 1: 1.
Dosage and administration:
1-2 teaspoons of loose peppermint leaves (or 1 tea bag) is mixed with boiling water (250 ml) poured over, pull left covered for about 10 minutes and then passed through a tea strainer. Unless otherwise prescribed, either on demand or periodically over a few days each morning and evening to drink a cup of tea. For mouth sores: Rinse with cooled tea after meals two to three times the mouth thoroughly. Or more frequently if necessary. [3]

The oil - external use
Peppermint oil (Menthae piperitae aetheroleum) is obtained by means of water vapor from the plant leaves. The concentrated form of menthol helps suited for joint and especially tension headaches. Studies show that it comes with tension headaches by an analgesic effect for relaxation: The vicious circle headaches - tension - even more headaches is broken. The cold receptors in the skin are stimulated by the oil, and the forwarding of the cold stimulus leads to the blockage of pain transmission of the body, so scientists suspect. Another, this time circulation-promoting effect have many experience: neck pain, for example, caused by tension can be relieved by a light massage or even eliminated. If the aching parts also still rubbed with a little oil, the skin reacts with redness and feels warm. The menthol stimulates the circulation, the soothing, muscle relaxing and so soothing effect.
Against colds
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The secretion-promoting effect is also known to many: products using essential peppermint oil fractions are used as ointments for colds, cough or bronchitis (eg Bronchoforton N). Adults can quick help with acute breathing difficulties and nasal congestion get: The Inhalalieren over a bowl of hot water and just a drop of peppermint oil (eg Japanese peppermint oil Dr. Thin) frees the nose in an instant. The effect is caused by the highly concentrated menthol: It has a paralyzing effect on the fine lashes of the nasal mucous membranes, so that they can make their task of transporting the mucus toward the pharynx, in the short term no longer perform. For this reason, peppermint oils (highly concentrated or ointments) may be used either in infants or infants. A rubbing in the area of the face, particularly the nose, or a large area on the chest and back could have a paralyzing effect on the respiration of infants and thus deadly!
Suitable for the medicine cabinet
In this spectrum is clearly why peppermint is found in many medicine cabinets. As with all medicinal herbs vary the ingredients considerably depending on the growing region, variety, harvest time and origin. Therefore, experts advise, if peppermint is said to have a healing effect, to buy teas, pills, tablets or oils with "pharmaceutical grade", ie. From the pharmacy These goods are subject to strict quality criteria in terms of composition of the ingredients (proportions of essential oils, tannins, pollutants such as pesticides). Products - from supermarkets or drugstores are not subject to these quality criteria. The ingredients of the teas or pills are often much smaller and therefore have no medicinal effect.
Secured the future of the medicinal plant
While many plants of Naturopathy find because of the allegedly 'non-detectable effect' in traditional medicine received little attention, peppermint has an unrivaled level. Study The location is impressive. Under the English word "peppermint" in an internet search for the internationally renowned "National Library of Medicine" about 300 studies or investigations listed. Last year alone, there have been studies with startling results - just one example:
Hope for chronic herpes

Flowering peppermint plants
Scientists from the Institute of Hygiene, University of Heidelberg found that peppermint oil has virucidal properties at the two herpes simplex virus major types (HSV 1 and HSV 2). Higher concentrations of peppermint oil reduced the virus concentration in the nutrient medium by more than 90 percent. The virus-inhibitory effect develops this time-dependent and reached three hours after the start of the incubation, virus kill rate of approximately 99%.

To determine the time of the highest anti-infective action of peppermint oil, the test cells used in the test mixture at various time points were exposed to the virus infection of the essential oil. Scientists discovered here that peppermint oil hindered intensively the "adherence" of the virus to the host cells to be infected, while it hardly has an action on the "host of the virus" in the cells. This discovery could have interesting consequences: Since the oil is "fat-loving", it penetrates quickly and easily into the skin and could so as virus-inflammatory drug with "chronic recurring" herpes infections of the skin or mucous membrane can be significant. Especially, by the spread of a straight incipient herpes "prevented". Similarly, as do some on the market virus inhibitory substances also. Against this, however, HSV viruses have a few years to use "insensitivities" (resistance) developed. Unfolds peppermint oil, the Heidelberg researchers, but even in such resistances his strong virucidal effect [4].

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asked Aug 13, 2014 by Lancomega Level (10,245 points)
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