Black Cohosh: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?


BLACK COHOSH: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

  • Great help for all women suffering
  • pain inflammatory and antispasmodic effects
  • mood enhancing both PMS and menstrual pain

The dark rhizomes of Black Cohosh plant which is mainly used in America have a long historical record in the traditional American natives and European immigrants. It is a great help for all gynecological problems. The black cohosh or Cimicifuga racemosa and Actaea racemosa comes from the family Ranunculaceae. The plant is native to the eastern states and in Ontario. In German, Black Cohosh is performed under a variety of names synomymen. For example, wild snake root, jam-ended Christoph herb, black cohosh, rattlesnake weed, consumption root, black cohosh, grape-like comfrey or Black Cohosh.

The black cohosh (lat. Cimicifuga racemosa) is part of the healing plants Treasury of North American Indians. Of black cohosh (eng. Black cohosh), the Indians used only the roots that have been sliced ​​and dried without exposure to the sun. The harvest time was the root of meaning: it had to be harvested before sunrise, when they should be used against menstrual problems or to relieve labor pains. Was it as a remedy for rheumatism, arthritis, asthma, snakes - used or insect bites, had to have peaked at harvest the sun. According to the healers possessed different containers with different times to the harvested roots. The fresh root was used: processed to fresh pressed juice was mixed this with either maple syrup or honey and administered for coughs, whooping cough, liver or kidney disease. About Native American healers came the black cohosh applications to the white settlers. They put the medicinal plant one especially against menstrual disorders and as a tonic after a difficult birth. American doctors considered these indications established in 1801 for the first time in writing. During the 19th century, doctors also turned to the anti-inflammatory drugs for arthritis and rheumatism. A sad chapter beat the whites, when they began to use cheap alcohol as a means of payment for furs or weapons: As Indians can metabolize alcohol only bad, they suffered heavy consumption of alcohol poisoning. Here are Indian healers have supplied their compatriots with extracts of root powder that dissolved in hot water, soothing and antispasmodic worked.

During the 19th century American homeopaths began to deal with the medicinal plant. Probably the most famous American homeopath of all time, James Taylor Kent (1849-1916), documented practical experience on the sick, but still took no check on the healthy before, as is required for a final assessment of a homeopathic medicine. His findings came early 20th century to the European counterparts, who made ​​known the Indians plant in Europe. About in the 30s were interested also herbalists for black cohosh. The "Textbook of biological remedies", edited by Gerhard Madaus 1936, reflected as a comprehensive compendium against the former scientifically oriented medicinal plant knowledge. Madaus dedicated the medicinal plant only five pages, because by the time little doctors had collected and documented experience with the plant. Madaus carried reports of regulations in bronchial catarrh, rheumatism, neuralgia and uterine and Ovarienbeschwerden together. Doctors also presented experiences of applications with delirium tremens (alcohol delirium), functional impotence, or ringing in the ears. Since then a lot has happened in the study of plant - now she is one of the most studied plants at all. The extract of black cohosh can be used to regulate menstrual irregularities and painful periods. It is effective for premenstrual symptoms and discomfort during menopause. For mild to moderate symptoms of menopause, especially hot flashes, the effectiveness is scientifically proven. However, the effect will occur 4-6 weeks after the first dose. cohosh should be taken at least three months. Where, at this time there is no satisfactory improvement in symptoms one, so other therapeutic measures may be considered. Accompanying measures, such as the restriction of coffee, tea and nicotine, as well as adequate exercise support the effectiveness. studies have expanded knowledge about the efficacy and the mechanism of action of black cohosh extract. Thus, the efficacy of black cohosh with hormone treatment and placebo for 12 weeks was compared in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with 62 women.

Extracts from the rhizome of the Black Cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa L. be used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. Commercially available drugs are to be taken only once a day. The effects are not immediate and the treatment duration should be at least 6 weeks. Possible adverse effects include stomach upset and nausea. About liver damage has been reported in very rare cases.
synonym: Cimicifuga racemosa , Black Cohosh , American cohosh , black cohosh


Cimicifuga extracts are from different providers available commercially (eg Cimifemin® Zeller, Femicin®, Climavita®).

Parent plant

The parent plant is the perennial black cohosh Cimicifuga racemosa L. from the family of buttercup plants that is native to eastern North America and has been traditionally used by Native Americans.


As a medicinal drug is the rootstock, the Cimicifugarhizom ( Cimicifugae racemosae rhizoma ) used.


Among the ingredients of the rhizome are triterpene glycosides, phenolic acids, flavonoids , tannins and volatile oils.


The effects are attributed in part to the binding to estrogen receptors. Whether the extracts are actually clinically effective, is controversial in the scientific literature.


For the relief of menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes , sweating, insomnia , nervousness and moodiness. For the prevention of osteoporosis , it is however not suitable. Other possible areas of application are the premenstrual syndrome , menstrual cramps and other gynecological problems (no official indications).


According to the prescribing information. There are drugs in the trade, the only once daily without regard to meals can be taken. The medication should be administered over a longer period, so that they can develop their effect (> 6 weeks). The effect is not immediate.


Cimicifuga extracts are contraindicated in hypersensitivity. They should not be administered in one liver damage. The full precautions can be found in the drug prescribing information.


Interaction with other medicinal products are known.

Adverse effects

In rare cases, mild stomach discomfort and can nausea occur. Very rarely been reported liver damage. In an unusual performance degradation in yellowing of the conjunctiva of the eyes or skin, dark urine or discolored stool in the preparations should therefore be discontinued immediately.

he hot flashes are, without doubt, the most bothersome symptom of menopause , but menopause is not solely responsible for this disorder, and every woman can increase or decrease the intensity of hot flashes by small Simple. stuff But what are the criteria that are taken into account in the hot flashes ? Well there eg weight; women overweight are more likely to experience hot flashes , ancestry; the African or South American women tend to have more hot flashes than Asian women, for example, and most important: diet and lifestyle; start with a small example: vegetarian women and practicing yoga does not have this problem almost from hot flashes , while women who eat poorly, who smoke and do not move enough are those most affected.
following by Besides a few things to avoid in order not to increase the chances of having hot flashes - Drinking alcohol
- Consuming products containing caffeine
- Eat spicy foods
- Be stress ed
- Wear tight clothing
- Smoke or being exposed to cigarette smoke
So what natural solutions without these hot flashes that you ruin your life? That's what we'll try to detail here.

Black Cohosh
Black cohosh benefits
Black cohosh benefits
The Black Cohosh is a plant widely used in Europe for the treatment of menopause and hot flashes. Studies show that Black Cohosh can be just as effective as the pharmaceutical estrogen often prescribed by doctors to treat problems of hot flashes and one study showed further that the Black Cohosh was also effective in preventing excessive sweating by similar methods.
This plant is very effective and is quite easily on the Internet and in stores as herbal dietary supplements in capsules.

Red Clover
The red clover (Trifolium pratense) contains many isoflavones that may be causing effects against hot flashes. Unfortunately, despite the few studies conducted on the subject no conclusive evidence to say with certainty that the red clover extract reduces hot flashes. However, some women claim that red clover is believed to cause a significant improvement in their symptoms, efficiency is probably variable from one woman to another, can be based on hormones.

Dong Quai
Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat female problems for over 1200 years. Yet almost no clinical studies have been conducted to determine its effect on hot flashes. Some experts argue, however, that Chinese medicine Dong Quai could be very useful for treating hot flashes. Important Information: Dong quai should never be used by women with fibroids or problems with blood clotting such as hemophilia, or women taking drugs that affect coagulation since bleeding complications may arise.

Linseed oil
Fatty acids such as those found in the linseed oil are known to be effective in reducing the symptoms of menopause . The linen contains plant lignans that are similar to estrogen and can help stabilize estrogen levels in postmenopausal women, which will seek to reduce hot flashes for.

Evening primrose oil
Evening primrose oil benefits
Evening primrose oil benefits
The evening primrose oil is a real boost for women who go through their period of menopause . This oil has a cooling capacity of the skin and regulates the production of estrogen. It can also sleep on with his gamma linolenic acid, and the production of prostaglandin.
practically do not have adverse effects or cons-indications, evening primrose oil is a very good option to start trying natural remedies to get rid of hot flashes.

White Pimpernel
Stellaria media, also known as white or Chickweed Chickweed is a plant which was assigned remarkable properties to reduce hot flashes in women in full menopause .
Daily use of this plant as a tincture mother can help reduce not only the number but also the intensity of hot flashes.
This plant is rich in calcium , silica, magnesium and vitamin C , and its use is prevalent mainly in Japan, one of the countries where Women are less affected by hot flashes ...

Soy milk
Soy milk
Not to forget the soy to treat problems related to menopause ? He highlighted a few years ago, then banned, experts continue to fight to prove the effectiveness or non-effectiveness of soy in the treatment of hot flashes. What is it really?
when most studies are compiled, it can be concluded that drinking two glasses of soy milk a day can relieve women from the curse of hot flashes.
Enough studies have shown that two servings daily food or drink soy could lead to a reduction in the frequency and intensity of hot flashes by about 30%.
And this is true both for products such as tofu or milk Rich. soy Soy contains isoflavones and phytoestrogens which affect the regulation of hormones and so on hot flushes.

Food and hot flashes
To avoid hot flashes, have a low-fat diet is important because we must at all costs avoid making important weight. But losing too much weight is not a solution either, and being too thin may even increase the symptoms, that's why we have to adopt a healthy balanced diet to prevent hot flashes. Feel free to consume soy products, and eat as much of raw or steamed vegetables and whole grains and legumes. Avoid foods that are too fatty and too sweet, and the dishes that often contain additives that can increase symptoms affecting postmenopausal women.
Remedies herbal are also a good solution, but keep in mind that whatever herbal is not necessarily safe. Always take the herbs you are taking, and always consult a doctor in case of disorder or adverse effects.

Other herbs and stuff to treat hot flashes
The herbal medicine has different options for treating hot flashes, all more or less effective depending on the dosage of the product quality, preparation or simply functions of the persons who use them. Among them we find the ginseng , the licorice root , the raspberry leaves , the sarsaparilla , the spearmint , the Damiana , the Motherwort , the Chaste or wild yams.
these herbal remedies, often from the Chinese medicine may be effective in reducing hot flashes, precautions must be taken for women who have undergone hormonal problems or breast cancer. It is highly advisable to contact a doctor or an expert in Chinese medicine before taking these plants because phytoestrogens can cause problems (sometimes serious) in some cases.

To relieve hot flashes with herbs: hops , the sage and red clover .

The phytotherapeutic have menopausal symptoms, particularly hot flashes significantly reduced, Bionorica SE announced in 2012.

Each is started sooner after the start of first symptoms with the application, the greater the effect. The greatest benefit is achieved when the maximum complaints are made ​​for one year. There is a marked improvement in hot flashes and skin complaints as well as the possibly occurring mental accompanying symptoms (cf.. Symptoms of menopause). Important also is the evidence that the extract of black cohosh has no effect on breast tissue. Studies have observed exactly this with the help of mammograms and by histological examination of retrieved breast tissue effect. It showed no increase in breast density while taking the black cohosh extract. The density of the breast tissue is an important risk factor for the development of breast cancer. Another study showed that in women with breast cancer (estrogen-dependent tumor) who underwent cancer treatment with tamoxifen (anti-estrogen, cytostatic), while SomeName of black cohosh extract the effect of the anticancer agent was not attenuated. The menopause symptoms increased significantly. extracts of black cohosh support the processes of bone formation and therefore have a bone protective effect. studies: * Blohmer JU, Gray Tree HJ, Busch R, et al .: Fixed combination of two extracts of black cohosh and St. John's wort (Remifemin® plus) for climacteric complaints with psychological symptom-focused. * Bodinet C, Freudenstein J:. influence of various herbal menopause preparations on tamoxifen-induced inhibition of human breast cancer cells in vitro * Briese V, Stammwitz U, Friede M et al .: menopause therapy without hormones - Results of a observational study. * Fischer J, Bartsch HH, Mumm A et al .: Prospective observational study with a Cimicifuga racemosa extract in breast carcinoma patients with menopausal symptoms under therapy with tamoxifen. * Henneicke-of Zepelin HH, Becher H, Schröder-Bernhardi D et al .:

Pharmacoepidemiological cohort study using Remifemin® / Remifemin® plus in patients with breast cancer, including hormone receptor-positive tumors. * Nißlein T, Freudenstein J, Saller R et al .: apoptosis induction by triterpene glycosides and cinnamic acid from an extract of Actaea racemosa in human breast cancer cells. * Nißlein T, Freudenstein J, Gessler A:. Urodynamic effects of isopropanol extract of black cohosh (iCR) * Osmers R, Friede M, Liske E et al .: Efficacy and safety of isopropanolic Black cohosh extract for climacteric symptoms. Obstet Gynecol 105 (2005) 1074-1083. * Schoultz B of, Henneicke-of Zepelin HH, Liske E et al .: Clinical study on drug safety Remifemin® respect Brustepithelzell proliferation and mammographic breast tissue density in postmenopausal women. * Viereck V, Gründker C, Frosch KH et al .: A in isopropanol extract of black cohosh (iCR) stimulates expression of osteoprotegerin in primary human osteoblasts. * Wober J, Beyer M, Vollmer G: Gene regulatory effects of extracts from Cimicifuga racemosa in the pituitary gland of the rat in vitro and in vivo. this information based on a number of publications. The accuracy of the statements, we do not assume any liability. Further, this information should not be used for the treatment of diseases. If you are taking medication or are under medical treatment, you should consult your physician before taking any dietary supplement

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asked Aug 13, 2014 by Lancomega Level (10,245 points)