BLACK COHOSH: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?
The Black Cohosh ( Actaea racemosa , syn. : Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. , A. monogyna Walter), also American - , Black - or Wild snake root , American - , High - or jam Diges Christoph herb , black cohosh , rattlesnake weed , consumption root , grape-like Comfrey and Black Cohosh called, is a flowering plant in the genus Actaea (formerly Cimicifuga ) from the subfamily of Ranunculoideae within the family of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). 
Contents [ Hide ]
3 Pharmaceutical importance
5 Notes and references
6 External links
Description [ Edit ]
Actaea racemosa . Inflorescence
The Black Cohosh is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches a height of up to 2.5 meters and an upright, leafy, smooth stalk has. As wintering organs are mainly the rhizome , but also the roots (total botanical inaccurate "rootstock" called). It has relatively large, stalked three times pinnate leaves ; the leaves are pointed and deeply cut .
In a long, narrow, of several racemose composite part inflorescences inflorescence sit numerous flowers. The whitish flowers are small. The perianth consists of four greenish white sepals and small petals that fall immediately after flowering. The flowers are numerous stamens with white filaments and bags. There is only one ovary present. There are ovoid capsules formed. The numerous, flat, brown seeds are about 3 mm in size.
The plant blooms in summer between June and September.
Occurrence [ Edit ]
Your home is the Eastern North America (west to Missouri and Arkansas ).
It grows best in shaded locations at altitudes from 0 to 1500 m NN .
Pharmaceutical importance [ Edit ]
As a drug , the underground plant parts are used: the roots "Radix Cimicifugae racemosae" (Radix = root) and the rhizome "Cimicifugae racemosae rhizoma".
Ingredients [ Edit ]
Triterpene glycosides , cimicifugin , alkaloids , flavonoids
Application [ Edit ]
Red-leaved silver candle
Effect and indication : The drug has estrogen-like properties (SERM = selective estrogen receptor modulators ), extracts of the drug are constituents of medicinal finished preparations as a stimulant in functional disorders of the female reproductive organs, especially in dysmenorrheic and climacteric -related neurovegetative be applied discomfort. The latest review article of the Cochrane Society from the year 2012 is the previous findings and the effect of Cimcifugapräparaten for menopausal problems rather subdued compared to.  In the homeopathy use in muscle pain, chest pain, gastrointestinal cramps, bile cramps and menopausal symptoms (including depression ).
Side effects: Severe liver damage : Cimicifuga-containing medicines should wear an appropriate warning from September 1, 2009.  The cause one of autoimmune hepatitis -like syndrome with zentrolobulärer liver cell - necrosis , which deals with corticosteroids can be treated.  endometrial hyperplasia : After 5 years were these 3.4% of users on at none in the placebo group . 
Product Number: pp3511
Information about Black Cohosh - Cimicifuga racemosa 540 mg.Traubensilberkerze
Black Cohosh (Black Cohosh, Cimifuga racemosa) and isoflavones can affect the consequences of a disturbed hormone balance. These components are capable of symptoms such as mood swings or hot flashes, due to ease through menopause.
About Black Cohosh - Cimicifuga racemosa 540 mg.Traubensilberkerze
Used plant part: 1 capsule contains 540 mg of the root of Cimicifuga racemosa, standardized to 15% cimicifugin.
Black Cohosh - Cimicifuga racemosa 540 mg.Traubensilberkerze ingredients
• hot flashes in menopause
• Relaxes nerves and muscles
• nervousness and sleep problems
• mood swings
• headaches and other pain
• reduces inflammation
• relieves the pains
• improved control of the bladder and pelvic floor muscles Phytoestrogen counter hot flashes and irritability The Black cohosh contains cimicifugin, a hormone-like substance that affects the central nervous system and soothes. Therefore, the black cohosh is commonly used to treat nerve pain (neuralgia). Relief in menopausal By combining relaxing and hormonal activity of the plant it useful for the relief of typical menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes, excessive sweating, headache, tinnitus, palpitations, nervousness, sleep problems and mood swings. Black cohosh is therefore an excellent replacement for the popular hormone therapy. In addition, gives the black cohosh relief in labor. By antispasmodic effect is also useful in respiratory diseases such as asthma and whooping cough.
Black Cohosh application - 540 mg.Traubensilberkerze Cimicifuga racemosa
Dosage: Take 1-2 capsules three times a day with half a glass of water after the meal. In case of excessive action or enhancement of complaints 1 capsule per day, or switching to other agents (eg alfalfa). Maximum 6 capsules per day. Do not apply more than 6 months, looking otherwise consult doctor. Pregnancy: Apply Because of menstruation promoting effect not during pregnancy
Black Cohosh Errechwert - 540 mg.Traubensilberkerze Cimicifuga racemosa
Used plant part: 1 capsule contains 540 mg of the root of Cimicifuga racemosa, standardized to 15% cimicifugin.
The black cohosh is a man-sized shrub that is native to North America.
Even the Native Americans valued black cohosh because of their geburtserleichternden effect and their abilities to relieve pain and cramps.
The black cohosh is also in this country primarily known by its effect on Wechseljahrs- and menstrual cramps.
But it also helps against many other ailments, is even the purest all-rounder that can even bring on asthma, heart problems and diabetes slight relief.
Main applications: Menopausal symptoms ,
Areas of application: Asthma,
scientific name: Cimicifuga racemosa
Plant Family: Buttercup family Ranunculaceae =
English name: Black Cohosh, Black Snake Root, Rattle Root
popular names: Cimicifuga, blue cohosh, Langtraubiges Baneberry, North American snake root, black snake root, Black Cohosh, Black Cohosh
Parts used: Rhizome
Ingredients : Cimifugin, phenol carboxylic acids, Hydroxyzimtsäureester, Fukinolsäure, Piscidiasäure, Cimicifugosid, triterpene glycosides, actein, cytisine, Methylcitisin, isoflavones, bitter substances, resins, glycosides, phytosterols, salicylic acid, tannin, essential oil
Collection time: Autumn
Black Cohosh The root of the black cohosh can as a tea or tincture against menopausal symptoms, and use of menstruation.
But many other symptoms can be relieved of the black cohosh, for example, asthma, cough, inflammation, rheumatic pains and cramps. A weak heart is strengthening and tense nerves are calmed.
The black cohosh is also found in many finished pharmaceutical products on the market.
For a Traubensilberkerze- tea poured over one to two teaspoons of cohosh root in a cup of boiling water and leave it for 15 minutes.
Then strain and drink in small sips.
From this tea you drink one to three cups daily.
As with all potent herbs you should take a break after six weeks of continuous use and temporarily drink a different tea with similar effect. Then you can drink six weeks cohosh tea again. By break any long-term adverse effects are prevented and the desired black cohosh-efficacy is maintained and can not be claimed by habituation.
To Traubensilberkerze- tincture prepare themselves, poured over you black cohosh roots in a screw-top jar with double or grain alcohol, to all plant parts are covered, and the mixture can be drawn closed for 2-6 weeks.
Then strain and pour into a dark bottle.
Of this tincture is taken one to three times daily 10-50 drops one.
If a tincture is too concentrated, you can dilute it with water.
Black cohosh for menopausal symptoms
The main area of application of black cohosh are menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, cycle irregularities, depression and sleep disorders, to name just a few particularly frequent.
The black cohosh is reputed to be a phytohormone, so a plant hormone similar to estrogen.
The active ingredients of black cohosh are chemically seen but completely different than estrogen. However, they may have a slightly similar to female hormones and thus can alleviate numerous women's complaints.
Scientifically this operation "Selective estrogen receptor modulation (phyto-SERM)" is called.
Among other things, the so-called LHRH pulse generator is attenuated in the hypothalamus, whereby, for example overshooting reactions the temperature control are attenuated. This provides relief of hot flashes, which are so typical of the menopause.
The black cohosh also helps against muscle and joint pain, because it has anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
Furthermore, the black cohosh relieves insomnia and dry skin.
Even the annoying weight gain that often occurs during menopause can be reduced by the black cohosh.
Other areas of application
Black cohosh can be used not only for menopausal symptoms.
It helps against all female complaints that are triggered by hormonal fluctuations, including against menstrual cramps in recent years.
The birth can be facilitated by the black cohosh, because the cramps are alleviated and the contractions regulated, so that the birth progresses well, but not too painful.
Important: Because of the oxytocic effect should not be used at the beginning and in the middle of pregnancy black cohosh! Only shortly before giving birth, you should start taking black cohosh.
Additionally, it helps cohosh against numerous other complaints that have nothing to do with women's diseases.
Above all, they are the anticonvulsant and analgesic properties, which determine the application areas, but also the anti-inflammatory ability of black cohosh.
The applications run through all organ systems of the body. Whenever something has to do with cramps, pain, or inflammation, you can use black cohosh, for example, stomach cramps, biliary colic, nervous heart problems, back pain and migraines.
Even as adjunctive treatment in diabetes measure one can use black cohosh because it can lower blood sugar levels.
Black Cohosh The black cohosh has been used for a long time by the Native Americans to facilitate the birth and for pain and snake bites.
For different applications the black cohosh in North America was harvested each at different times of the day, because it is depending on the time of day have different abilities.
In the 19th century, black cohosh was brought to Europe, where it has been cultivated mainly as an ornamental plant in gardens.
Your verliehender by Europeans scientific name "Cimicifuga" means "bugs escape" (Cimex = bug and fuga = flight), because the smell of roots, leaves and flowers sells bugs and other insects. The species name "cohosh" means "grape" because the flowers grow in loose clusters.
The German name "cohosh" comes from the grape-like growth of the silver-colored flowers that look like a candle.
The black cohosh was used in the 19th century not only as an ornamental plant, but also medically.
Because she was the former practice usually dosed according to high, but they often had unpleasant side effects such as headaches or nausea.
Maybe it is because of these side effects that black cohosh soon came as a medicinal plant in Europe into oblivion.
Only recently has the healing effect of black cohosh for menopausal symptoms in Europe was rediscovered. Meanwhile, numerous finished preparations with black cohosh are available for woman complaints.
By and by the many other skills of black cohosh are known.
Black Cohosh The black cohosh comes from North America where it is native to the northern United States and Canada.
She prefers to grow in forests, so it may prefer shady.
The plant grows up to 2.50 m high, forming a vigorous, bushy perennial.
The rhizome of the perennial plant is blackish, highly branched and cylindrical in shape.
From him sprout twice pinnate leaves in early spring.
Between June and September the whitish bloom silver flowers that are airy grapes.
The flowers smell not very angenehmm, especially not for bugs that escape from the smell what the "Cimicifuga" has also introduced its name.
Black Cohosh You can attract or propagate by cuttings or root division black cohosh from seed.
The Propagation from seed is not so simple, because the seeds are Kaltkeimer and therefore a distinct cold phase need to germinate.
Therefore, you sow the seeds in autumn in moist soil and put them in the winter to freezing.
If you're lucky, the small plants germinate in the spring.
Once the hand is about big, you can plant out the plants in a shady spot with moist and humus-rich soil.
In propagation by cuttings to cut the cuttings in summer and makes them either in water or in pots with moist soil until roots form.
The division of large rhizomes for propagation takes place in early summer.
Black Cohosh - root pieces To harvest the root of the plant should be at least three years old.
After the fruit ripens in late autumn digging out the roots.
If you want to keep the plant, it takes only a portion of root and rhizome and digs another part again, so that the plant can re-grow next year again.
The roots are thoroughly brushed clean and cut into small pieces.
Either one attaches directly to a tincture with the fresh root pieces or dry them in a warm, dry place, such as in an open oven at 40 °.
Estrogen dominance ,
the true cause of PMS and menopausal symptoms
Disclaimer: Ask your doctor or pharmacist
The visit to the site can not replace a visit to the doctor.
Prefer case of serious or unclear symptoms necessarily your doctor.