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Acerola: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

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ACEROLA: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

Acerola ( Malpighia glabra, Syn. : Malpighia punicifolia ), and acerola cherry, Azerola, maple cherry, Antilles cherry, cherry Antilles, Puerto Rican cherry, West Indian cherry, Jamaica cherry, Barbados cherry called, is a plant from the family of Malpighiengewächse (Malpighiaceae) and is called the fruit used.

Contents [ Hide ]
1 Description
1.1 Vegetative characteristics
1.2 inflorescences and flowers
1.3 Fruits and seeds
2 occurrences and locations
3 Use
4 sources
4.1 Evidence
4.2 Literature
5 External links
Description [ Edit ]
Vegetative characteristics [ Edit ]
Acerola are evergreen, prostrate shrubs or small trees with plant height usually 1-3 m, rarely up to 10 m. The bark of young branches is green and sparsely hairy with striegel trichomes occupied, the fall in age. The bark is smooth or filled with eye-catching Korkporen.

The opposite constantly arranged leaves are membranous to coriaceous almost. The shape of the leaf blade ovate-lanceolate ranges from about elliptic-lanceolate to ovate. The leaves are usually 30-75 mm (20-110 mm) 1 long and 15-40 mm (10-55 mm) wide. Forward toward the leaves are sharp pointed or tapered rare, the base is tapered to cuneate or rarely rounded. The petioles have a length of 1.5-2 mm (1-3 mm), they are usually glabrous, rarely sparsely hairy striegel hairy, but this is lost in old age. The green or red-colored side sheets are free, they are initially striegel hairy hairy but verkahlen also in old age. You are pfriemförmig and 0.5-1 mm long.

Inflorescences and flowers [ Edit ]
The doldigen or rarely racemose inflorescences consist of four to six (two to eight) flowers . The slender, green to reddish inflorescence stem is hairy or rarely glabrous striegel; its length is 5-12 mm (2-25 mm). The inflorescence axis is usually glabrous, rarely hairy striegel and 3-5 mm (2-7 mm) long. The bracts are 1-1.5 mm (up to 2 mm) long, the bracteoles are 0.5-1 mm long. The green, hairless or nearly hairless flower stems have a length of 7-11 mm (5-15 mm). Among the sepals sometimes there is a ring of bristles.

Flowers
The buds have a diameter usually of 4-5 mm (3-6 mm). The flower diameter is 13-18 mm (10-20 mm). In the bud, the sepals are hairy hairy striegel but verkahlen soon. Between sepals and petals are usually six (seven to ten, but the extra then are very small) oil glands. The posterior petals are 6.5-9.5 mm (6-11 mm) long, the hem is folded back occasionally sharp. The central petals are 5.5-7 mm with (5-8.5 mm) slightly shorter, shortest, the front petals with a length of 5.5-6.5 mm (4-8 mm).

The androecium is radial symmetry built, all filaments are filiform, equal in thickness or are only slightly different thicknesses. They are straight, 2.5-3 mm (2-3.5 mm) long. The anthers are usually the same length, only occasionally lying on the side anthers are slightly larger. Their length is between 0.8-1.2 mm. Also, the gynoecium is constructed radial symmetry. The pens are 2-2.5 mm (1-3 mm) long, the tip is blunted or truncated, the long ovary is not divided.

Fruits and seeds [ Edit ]

Fruits
The nearly spherical drupes have a diameter of 10-15 mm, are usually smooth and unlobed. The egg-shaped, not particularly hard seeds are 7-10 mm long and 5-7 mm wide. They are winged back with a 1 mm wide, ganzrandigen wing, side wings are not formed.

1 Note: Values ​​in parentheses are infrequent measurements or values.
Occurrences and locations [ Edit ]
Acerola is spread in an area which, inter alia, Texas , Mexico , Panama , Brazil and Guatemala comprises, on Jamaica there are deposits. Within the distribution area, there are strong differences in growth form, so can be found in northern Mexico and Texas often entwined like shrubs, throughout Mexico, Texas and Jamaica also small shrubs, while throughout the entire range usually dominate large shrubs and small trees. Outside the natural range the species is rarely cultivated.

This species grows in a variety of locations, moist ravines and river banks on roadsides and moist lowland forests to sites on dry limestone and rocky mountain slopes. The sites are located in altitudes between sea level and 1600 m.

Use [ Edit ]
The fruits of acerola are among those with the highest content of vitamin C ; 100 g fresh juice contain 1400-4500 mg of the vitamin. Therefore, the acerola cherry is a dietary supplement for the treatment of vitamin C deficiency used. In advertising, the Acerola is sometimes referred to as "power fruit". [1] As the body of vitamin C can save hardly and the excess is excreted largely unused, the rumored special position of acerola fruit of the scientific nutrition advice is not shared.

Acerolafrüchte can be eaten raw. [2] The juice is mixed with other, usually sweeter fruit juices. Export can not be the fruit because it is so soft and juicy that they must be processed immediately after harvest.

From the acerola cherry juices are made, the pasteurized or come frozen in the trade. It is also available acerola powder in the spray-drying process is obtained. Meanwhile, the gentlest method, the freeze-drying enforced.

Popular is the use of juice, pulp, concentrate and powder

as vitamin enrichment of other fruit juices,
as acid addition to enhancing the inherent flavor of other fruits,
for ice cream, jam and jelly production.
There is a reference to a cross-allergy with natural latex . [3]

Acerola: small Uncooked
The acerola is often used due to their extremely high vitamin C content for the enrichment of juices. All information about the tropical stone fruit Acerola can be found here.
Pager_lupe
In appearance, the acerola cherry is similar to our
ACEROLA: ORIGINS AND PROPERTIES
Acerola is a drupe Malpighiengewächses. The main growing areas are in Mexico, Jamaica, Florida and Brazil. The fruits grow on a small tree that needs a moist and subtropical climate. Usually the pink or white flowers bloom during the rainy seasons. The fruit itself matures within 25 days and can be harvested up to four times a year. Often you can find this fruit as acerola cherry, but with our native cherry she is not related. Only the appearance shared by both drupes. The acerola is 1-3 cm tall and rot.Die Acerola is also known as maple, Antillen-, Puerto Rico- or Barbadoskirsche.
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ACEROLA: USE AND HEALTH BENEFITS
Acerola slightly acidic flavor and aroma reminiscent of apples. However, the fruit spoil quickly and can already 3-5 days after harvest no longer use. The Acerola has a pulp, which consists of 80% juice. In addition, the fruits have a very thin and sensitive skin.
Due to these properties, the Acerola comes almost exclusively as a juice to us. Acerola belongs to the vitamin C -reichsten fruit at all. It also contains pro-vitamin A , vitamins B1 and niacin and the minerals iron , phosphorus and calcium . Due to their taste properties and their valuable contents Acerola is often added to fruit juice blends. Especially popular combinations are apple, passion fruit, orange, cherry or grape with Acerola. Acerola is also available as jam or as pure juice, with which you can mix their own creations.

Article Wiki Closed - ACEROLA: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?
asked Aug 13, 2014 by Lancomega Level (10,245 points)
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