St. John's Wort: Health Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?


ST. JOHN'S WORT: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

St. John's Wort, pits-Hartheu
Hypericum perforatum
St. John's wort plants

Particulars of:
St. John's Wort carries golden yellow flowers with black dots or dashes, standing in a rispigen apparent umbel. The flowers change color red when they are rubbed between the fingers. The leaves are elliptic-ovate. The stem is two-edged, this is rare in the plant kingdom. The plant grows up to 60 cm tall and blooms from June -. September
Other species grow with us including the spotted Johanniskarut (Hypericum maculatum), the beautiful St John's wort (Hypericum pulchrum) and also the mountain-wort (Hypericum montanum) . This locust herbs have the same effect as the one described here Real hypericum. Even in gardens, we often find St. John's wort varieties, see picture at the bottom of the page.

St. John's Wort

St. John's Wort

St. John's wort-3
St. John's wort-4

Spotted St. John
Photo: U. Tinner
Beautiful St. John
Photo: U. Tinner

Location and Distribution:
It grows best in moist meadows, roadsides and in forests and thickets at the banks. It is distributed throughout Europe.

Toxins, effects and symptoms:
St. John's Wort contains, among other things, hypericin, hyperoside, essential oil, tannins. For humans, the plant is non-toxic.

Animal Toxic:
The active ingredient hypericin results in bright animals, such as horses, cattle, cows and sheep, which are then exposed to light (photosensitivity) inflammatory redness of the skin and ulcers. The animals are restless, wallow, lips and chin to swell. In severe poisoning deaths are possible. Poisoning for bright guinea pigs, rats and mice is possible. In animal studies, a rat was injected 1 mg of pure hypericin, after 2 hours of sunlight the animal died.

Curative effect and Medical Application:
St. John's wort is considered as a herbal anti-depressant. An interesting site that deals with Therpiemöglichkeiten for depression, you will find >> here . St. John's Wort affects mood lifting and soothing and is often used in menopause. Also bedwetting can be treated with the plant. St. John's wort oil is good for rheumatism and lumbago, promotes wound healing, reduces pain associated with sprains, bruises and shingles. It continues to use the plant for insomnia and menstrual cramps. With tea or oil cures full sunlight should be avoided.

Since the plant to "Midsummer" (June 24) flowers, she got her name. It is referred to as Hartheu or dots-Hartheu. The botanical genus name Hypericum is derived from the Greek. The Greek word hyper means large, eréike called heather. The meaning is the Hypericum between the heather grows and rises about.

In the old herbals St. John's Wort is an honorable mention. So writes Tabernaemontanus (1520 - 1590): "diss water is good and heals all internal and external wounds / of which [the morning and in the evening] getruncken / [thus washed] and the water pitched externally. The water with Päonienwasser getruncken / all day Zwey or thrice / every time two or three Loth / is good for the Falling Addiction / [and the beat.] The water with red wine been mixed / and it getruncken / stopffet the Bauchflüß and red Ruhr / [ how then placed with a towel on his belly] "and further on the St. John's wort oil". The Apothecker and also the Wundärtzte tend to make flowers a delicious oil from this herb: but which one should prepare for poor white so: Nim fresh flowers as much as you wilt / she thu in a Glaß / Geuss tree oil over / stopffs up to / and put it in the sun / some days afterward seige the oil from / truck flowers wol from / and thu other fresh into it / put it again to the Sun / afterward it jolts like before / am doing such etlich times after each other / to the last shock Hplsen together with the seeds and put them in the oil / so the oil is nice blood-red "


St. John's Wort

St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a popular medicinal plant in Europe. It is probably now one of the most studied herbs.

St. John's Wort, as the mugwort , the vervain , the Chamomile and Yarrow , one of the locust herbs, so the herbs that fully blossom into midsummer.

The name therefore derives from it, because it blooms on 24 June, this is the birthday of John the Baptist. The Christians therefore dedicated to him this herb.

In a medieval use the name, the witches and devils herb escape close. Even in books from the 17th century is reported on the effect of St. John's wort. At that time it was against depression and melancholy thoughts used.


The ingredients of the plant affect mood-enhancing and balancing, they also have a motivational effect. Today recognized areas of application are restlessness and mild depressive moods. In addition, the research confirmed that an ingredient may kill bacteria and even fungi.

The combination of the essential oils contained in the St. John's wort, the tannins and flavonoids inhibit inflammation , helps heal wounds and reduce pain. Among other things, the St. John's wort can therefore be used for rheumatic pain or sciatica.

Teas and a tincture of St. John's wort helps but also for diarrhea, liver problems , disorders of bile, it is antibacterial and antiviral.


St. John's Wort is a perennial plant that can grow up to one meter tall. The stem is two-edged, the flowers only open when it is sunny and dry weather. The leaves have the appearance as if they were perforated.

St. John's Wort grows in sunny places, on poor meadows, on deep soils, roadsides, in clearings.


To this herb are many legends.

In the Middle Ages used the St. John's Wort, to expel the devil. According to legend, the small holes in the leaf stem of the St. John's wort from the devil. Malice about the power that possessed this herb over evil spirits and about himself, the leaves should have pierced with needles

The legend grew under the cross of Christ some St. John's wort stems, which fielded the drops of blood of Christ with his flowers. Hence the name "blood of Jesus Christ."

Another legend, grew from the blood of John the Baptist St. John's wort, after he was decapitated and the blood dripped to the ground.


The plant has been seen by Christians as "herb of heaven" because the flowers tend to radiate to the sky.

In Pliny. Ä. (23-79. Chr.) Finds a clue on an herb "Hypereikon", at the burns was used.

A pagan tradition was that girls wore a crown of St. John's wort flowers on the summer solstice, to connect to the light and the sun.

In Ireland, the herb is still under the name of St. Johns Wort known. In addition, there was the custom under strict silence in the St. John's Night a bunch to pick from 7 or 9 flowers, so they placed under the pillow, can appear in a dream to groom.

In addition, reported that there was a custom of putting the St. John's wort on the roof or to burn on the stove and the following sentence to say to soothe thunderstorm: "Is it because there is no old woman who can plücken Hartenau, so that the storm jam ? "


"By a number of well Fuga genent demonum, Wherefore /
daz is meynet /

where Solich Würt keep herb /

Cumulative since the teuffel not hyn /

pos also not remain spook /

and this cause you bereuchert in Ettlich land the baby's mother so

lasssen it but before uff bless our Frawen uffart tag /

and therefore have ir Kurtzweyl it. "

Otto Brunfels

" Put the cheese between St. John's wort, so no worms grow in it. "

"So been a come and nonsensical by magical love of senses, you can help as follows: Take St. John's Wort and a half handful / noble Dorant two handfuls / and boiling twinkling in three measures of wine / let the sick drink it in the evening. "

"It is not possible that a better remedy for wounds is found in all countries."

Paracelsus said ... on St. John's Wort


In homeopathy or Bach flower therapy St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) is regarded as "The Flower of internal security". It is used in gnawing uncertainty, in fear of the future, with uncertainty, with timidity, in fear of the unknown, with irritability and lack of self-confidence.


oily and blemished skin
Worm infestation
open wounds
Bronchitis and asthma
scaly skin
chronic fatigue
Stomach ache
dry skin
Gastro-intestinal catarrh
mild depression
against forgetfulness
irritated skin
Bed wetting
Muscle pain
Concentration problems
Digestive system
Menopause Symptoms
Gallbladder disease
Body aches
sensitive skin
heals wounds
rheumatic pain

The locust herbs (Hypericum), also Hartheu, are a genus within the St. John's wort plants. The genus includes about 370 species and is distributed nearly worldwide, it lacks only in deserts, arctic regions and in the tropical lowlands.

Among the species of the genus are found both as annual perennial herbaceous plant with plant height of five to ten centimeters as well as shrubs and small trees with growth heights of up to twelve meters.
The Real St. John's wort (H. perforatum) is used as a medicinal plant to improve the condition of nervous stress

efficacy in mild to moderate depressive mood is detected and preferable because of good compatibility, often other antidepressants
Sheets of hypericum included in the Exkretionsbehältern essential oil, which is externally applied to the treatment and follow up of sharp and blunt injuries, myalgia and 1st degree burns
St. John's wort can in humans and animals a phototoxicity, thus cause an increased sensitivity to light
Women who use hormonal contraceptives (contraceptives), ... should take advice on additional contraceptive measures, since the safety of these agents may possibly be reduced (so urgently advises the manufacturer PASCOE)

Traditional medicinal plant
To the June 24 around the St. John's, open the bright yellow flowers of St. John's wort. This plant, botanical Hypericum is mainly because of the multiple medicinal effects known: Your be attributed, among other wound-healing, anti-inflammatory and mood enhancing properties. Even in ancient times, the St. John's wort has been valued for its medicinal properties and used among others for the treatment of burn wounds. Paracelsus (1493-1541) praised this plant in the skies and used it not only for the healing of wounds, but also to address mental disorders.

The great esteem as a medicinal plant has survived to the present day. In recent years, the St. John's wort has experienced primarily as natural antidepressant to soar. herb and magic herb St. John's Wort is not only a valuable medicinal plant with a long history, it also magical powers were attributed to: The bright yellow flowers symbolized the sun, in the capable of evil spirits? the forces of darkness? ward. His German names are as varied as the magical properties that have been made ​​out to, for example, witches herb devil's thumb and Midsummer herb. So it was believed that this plant witches and the devil keeps away, and braided wreaths of St. John's wort, thrown on the summer solstice on the house roof, protected supposedly from lightning. flowers to autumn addition to used for medical purposes Hypericum with the botanical name Hypericum perforatum there and species that are excellent garden plants. With its bright yellow flowers they bring from July into September or even into October in color in the garden. Their long and late flowering time also makes it a valuable honey bees. surface of Fast-Growing Decker Despite its wealth of flowers are the locust herbs, which include both ornamental shrubs and perennials, undemanding and grow on poor soils. Many hypericum species feel the sun well, but some also thrive in low-light locations. This includes the lowly St. John's wort (Hypericum calycinum). It is adorned with 7-8 cm large flowers. The semi-evergreen, fast-growing shrub is only 20 to 30 cm high. He is a good area Decker, suppresses weeds and with its dense root system is also a good slope and Hangbefestiger. Good plant partner is Slightly larger the High St. John's wort (Hypericum moserianum). This 30 to 50 cm tall semi-evergreen dwarf shrub is suitable, inter alia, for rock gardens and planters. Since its propagation impulse is less pronounced than that of the lowly St. John's wort, it can also work well with other plants, for example, combine steppe shrubs, roses or small trees. eye catcher with a distinctive effect Hypericum? Hidcote? comes with its dense, hemispherical growth also individually good effect.

This species is 1 to 1.5 m high and is also suitable for manageable flowering hedges. As the lowly St. John's wort can? Hidcote? even less bright garden corners revive. The golden yellow flowers appear until well into October. This semi-evergreen flowering shrub is a striking eye-catcher with a good action at a distance. sunshine for the garden bed , the pad-wort (Hypericum polyphyllum) is ideal for the garden owner who has very little space and yet not want to miss the bright yellow flowers of St. John's wort. The flowers of this shrub appear in June and July. With only 15 cm height, the cushion is even St. John's Wort for troughs. It grows well in sunny, warm locations, eg in rock gardens, between stone slabs, next steps and dry stone walls. advice hypericum pruning promotes wealth of flowers locust herbs are undemanding and require no special care. If the drives have suffered in winter from the cold, they can be easily cut back in spring vigorously. The flowers form on the new shoots and a heavy pruning to near ground even promotes flowering. The Low St. John's wort (Hypericum calycinum) can even be cut back by machine on larger surfaces.

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