St. John's Wort: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?


ST. JOHN'S WORT: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

About this herb, there are many legends. One of them is that it is supposed to be originated from the blood of John the Baptist. The devil was so angry at this plant, because it has such enormous healing power that he took a needle and pierced the leaves. But the plant was so strong that she survived this too, and we see even today in the leaves tiny holes when you hold it in the light. Because of its ability to chase away demons, St. John's wort has also been called "fuga daemonum" (Hunt devil) and put on the doors and windows of the houses and barns to keep storm and witchcraft.
Another legend, the plant originated from the blood of John the Baptist. What probably based on the fact that if they grates from the flowers between the fingertips, a juice outlet, the stains the skin blood red. St. John's Wort is also one of the magical plants of the summer solstice !

Areas of application
Almost all parts of St. John's wort can be used in medicine. By inserting the flowers in fatty oils such as olive, sunflower -, or wheat germ oil locust oil, which is also called red oil because of its color, is obtained. This can be applied externally as a wound healing agent for skin care brittle or old scars, burns I. degree, muscle tears and bruises. Internally, the oil can also be taken for digestive complaints, which efficacy has not been established.

Plant parts such as stems and leaves may be dried and crushed processed with a methanol-water mixture into an extract. After several hours, the ingredients have dissolved and can be separated by several gentle method of extract and further processed into tablets or capsules

The Real St. John's wort (H. perforatum) is used as a medicinal plant to improve the condition of nervous stress. Here, the stems and the leaves are dried and comminuted and processed using a methanol water mixture into an extract. After einiegen hours., When the ingredients have gelößt, they can be separated from the extract and processed into tablets or capsules. As a "fuga daemonum" evil weed it was in the Middle Ages when the exorcists use. The to Healing (mostly women) had presumably depressive moods, who commented in severe mood swings, which at that time was interpreted as an obsession.

The efficacy in mild to moderate depressive mood is detected and, because of good compatibility very popular. However, the effect is noticeable only after about three weeks, so the product should not settle too early you.

Dosage and direction
St. John's wort is taken internally in the form of tea, capsules, drops or vegetable juice. The external application is done with St. John's wort oil (red oil), but this can also be applied internally!

Tea: 2 teaspoons of the herb are doused with a cup of boiling water and left to brew for 10 minutes. Morning and evening should be drunk a cup.

Extract 20 g herb with 100 g of ethanol (70%), filter and store protected from light: Tinkturzubereitung.
During topical application in the form of an ointment, these should be applied 1 to 2 times daily.

In general, St. John's wort very well tolerated. Only rarely occur gastrointestinal discomfort, allergic skin reactions, fatigue or restlessness.
Fair-skinned people should while taking strong sunlight, tanning booths, and sunlamps avoid. It can develop an increased sensitivity to light.
since St. John's wort is not effective for severe depression, should be performed in suspected this treatment by a physician. Even during pregnancy or lactation and in depressive disorders in children, medical advice should be sought.
simultaneously if drugs are taken, the effect could be affected by St. John's wort, this should first be discussed with a doctor. This mainly affects the antiviral therapy in HIV-positive patients and the use of antidepressants. Furthermore, influence the effectiveness of birth control pill St. John's wort.
As with other antidepressants takes the antidepressant effects only after a taking for a prolonged period. But should be noticing no improvement after about four weeks, you should definitely consult a doctor.

Locust herbs belonging to the family of St. John's wort plants ( Hypericaceae ) with the genus locust herbs ( Hypericum ), also called Hartheu. It includes about 450 species of both annual and multi-annual and perennial plants, with low herbaceous growth from 5 to 10 cm, and 100 cm height shrubs and even trees up to 12 m height.
locust herbs are distributed almost worldwide, they also come in the home countries of the turtles. It includes both deciduous or evergreen, hardy or thermophilic species about how those who withdraw their shoots in the winter under the earth in spring then to form new and different, whose shoots become woody. A genus of plants with very different manifestations.
known is primarily the Real St. John's wort ( Hypericum perforatum ), which is used as a forage crop for tortoises and as a medicinal plant use (Fig. 1, Fig. 2).
too, of the locust herbs some cultural and ornamental forms are grown been very well suited for a planting of the outdoor enclosure and are hardy in our climate widths. You all make no special demands on the soil and grow best in full sun locations.
Due to the wide range of different growth heights and shapes are both smaller and very large enclosure can make it.
Here are a few examples:
First dwarf St. John's Wort Hypericum olympicum (Fig. 3)

Fig. 3 dwarf Hypericum olympicum
Flower size : small (<5cm)
Flowering period: May to June
Soil: well-drained, low humus and nutrient requirements
Fruit: Capsules
Foliage: deciduous
Foliage color : gray-green
Location: the sun
Growth: hemispherical, prostrate to ascending
Height: 30-40 cm
With its low, cushion-like growth, this type is very suitable for small enclosures, for pups who like to hide under.
This very robust shrub tolerates a dry location.

Fig. 4 High Hypericum mosrianum
2 High St. John's Wort Hypericum moserianum (Fig. 4, Fig. 5)
Flowering time : July to October
Floor: ormaler garden soil
Foliage: evergreen
Location: sun to partial shade
Uses: ground cover
Growth: slightly wider than high, dwarf shrub
Spread: 50-70 cm

Fig. 5 High Hypericum moserianum in the enclosure
Growth speed: 5-15 cm / year
Height 40 - 60 cm
The High St. John's wort has despite its name rather low plant height
and can therefore also be used in smaller enclosures and as a groundcover. The plant is undemanding, but needed as a young plant initially a slight winter protection.
It thrives even in locations with partial shade, developed in the fall very attractive seed heads and reserves and winter the foliage.

3 St. John's wort, Gemo ' Hypericum densiflorum , Gemo '(Fig. 6, Fig. 7)

Fig. 6 St. John's Wort 'Gemo' Hypericum densiflorum 'Gemo'

Flowering time: July-September

Fig. 7 St. John's Wort 'Gemo' Hypericum densiflorum 'Gemo' in the enclosure
Soil: ordinary garden soil
Foliage: evergreen
Location: the sun
Use: group plantings
Growth: funnel-shaped, slender
Spread: 30 - 50 cm
Growth speed: 15-40 cm / year
Height: 60-100 cm
Particularly good Hardiness distinguishes this type, the plant retains in winter a portion of the foliage. Through its more slender growth it is ideal for group plantings.

4 St. John's wort, Loke ' Hypericum hircinum , Loke '(Fig. 8, Fig. 9)

Fig. 8 St. John's Wort 'Loke' Hypericum hircinum 'Loke' bloom

Flowering time: July-September

Fig. 9 St. John's Wort 'Loke' Hypericum hircinum 'Loke', attractive seed heads
Soil: ordinary garden soil
Fruit Decorations: yes
Foliage: deciduous
Plant spacing: 5 per m² / 3-4 per meter
Location: sun to partial shade
Uses: ornamental tree
Growth: upright Kleinstrauc
Spread: 40 - 60 cm
Growth speed: 20 - 50 cm / year
Height: 80-100 cm
A special feature of this small shrub is its fragrant leaves and autumn striking seed capsules. This St. John's wort also thrives in partial shade and is distinguished by its excellent winter hardiness.

5 Great Floral St. John's wort, Hidcote ' Hypericum , Hidcote '(Fig. 10)

Fig. Flowery St. John's United 10 'Hidcote' Hypericum 'Hidcote'
Flowering period: July to October

Soil: dry to fresh, acidic to slightly alkaline soil
Foliage: evergreen
Plant spacing: 5 per m / 3 per meter
Location: sun to partial shade
Use: area planting
Growth: upright, vieltriebig
Spread: 40-70 cm
Growth speed: 20 - 50 cm / year
Height: 100-150 cm
This St. John's wort is distinguished by its long, continuous flowering period with very large flowers. The upright, branched growth is particularly good in a group planting advantage. A slight winter protection is advisable in young plants.
As mentioned cultivated forms of the locust herbs from wild forms descended, the forage plants for turtles, they are naturally "nibbled" from time to time even in the enclosure, but never leads to complete destruction of the enclosure plant because other existing forage plants are preferred (Fig. 11, fig. 12).

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