Krill Oil: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?


KRILL OIL: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?
Krill oil is one of the Antarctic krill ( Euphausia superba ) extracted oil. By contained in high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids , it is economically of great interest. [1]

Properties [ Edit ]
The composition of extracted oils can be divided into phospholipids (20-33%), polar non-phospholipids (64-77%) and Minor triglycerides (1-3%) divide. Among the phospholipids, the saturated fatty acids (24%) dominate the nutritionally valuable Omega-3 fatty acids (47%). Among them, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20: 5n3) represented 28% and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22: 6n3) with 18%. The antioxidant capacity is 9.4 to 14.2 micromol Trolox equivalents per mL oil and is dependent on the extraction agent. [1]

Effects on health [ Edit ]
Studies from the Alternative Medicine suggest various positive effects on health through:

One study examined the effect on the premenstrual syndrome in women (PMS). For many women, some days occur before the onset of menstrual complaints, such as headaches, nausea and depression on. The exact causes are still unclear but probably are increased inflammation, caused by the changing hormone levels, responsible. The omega-3 fatty acids in krill oil have a positive impact on both the hormonal balance, as well as the inflammation. The study had 70 women, divided into two groups, 3 months either 1 g of fish oil or krill oil to take each day. At specified time points, the women should complete standardized questionnaires, with which their physical and emotional complaints were recorded. In both groups there was a significant improvement in symptoms. The decrease of the required pain medication was in the krill oil group more clearly. [2]

Another study examined the effects of krill oil compared with fish oil on the blood lipid levels . The 120 subjects were divided into 4 groups. 2 groups were given krill oil in various doses up to 3 g, one group received 3 g of fish oil and the fourth group received a placebo. All groups have taken their preparation for 3 months and during this time, blood levels were checked regularly. Both fish and krill oil improved blood lipid levels. The total cholesterol , LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides were reduced, which increases HDL cholesterol. In the same dose of 3 g daily krill oil was significantly superior to fish oil. [3]

However, these results are controversial in the art world:

A study of the American Oil Chemists' Society concludes that no significant nutritional difference between krill oil and fish oil is, even if Krill oil contains significantly more omega-3 fatty acids. In addition, could no changes in the serum lipids and biomarkers for oxidative stress and inflammatory responses are observed with the control group. [4]

The European Food Safety Authority 's examination of a health-related promotional statement, according to Regulation (EC) no. 1924/2006 (Health Claims) to the conclusion that no cause-effect relationship exists. The consumption of Krill oil has no effect on the blood concentration of triglycerides. [5]

Krill oil is unique!

For the clearest and coldest waters of Antarctica is an oil with such tremendous force that can change your life! It is extracted from a small type of cancer called krill. Since krill is at the very beginning of the food chain, it is not affected by heavy metals or other pollutants. The deposit is almost unlimited and the current annual catch quota is less than 1 per thousand of the population.

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Improvement of cholesterol levels with krill oil
Krill oil in inflammation and chronic pain
The effect of krill oil for hay fever / pollen allergy
Reduction of menstrual symptoms (PMS / premenstrual syndrome)
Krill oil for ADHD
Vital aged
Krill Oil for Kids
Unique Krill Oil
Comparison of krill oil and fish oil
Omega-3 fatty acids in krill oil
Phospholipids in krill oil
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Since January, the dietary supplement "MegaRed" in Germany is on the market and is heavily advertised. Its active ingredients are certain omega-3 fatty acids, which stuck in red krill oil: EPA and DHA.

" MegaRed "is a krill oil supplement , which is available on the German market since January. Before there was a dietary supplement of "MegaRed" -Dachmarke "ship" only in the United States. Since the large-scale campaign in this country flickers across TV and computer screens to German consumers ask: What exactly is in the new "MegaRed" capsules ?

Omega-3 fatty acids for heart and brain

The active ingredients of "MegaRed" hot eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). It is for both drugs to omega-3 fatty acids , which occur naturally, for example in salmon. Plants also serve as omega-3 suppliers, much healthy fatty acids, for example, stuck in flax seeds, chia seeds, canola oil and walnuts.

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Animal Omega-3 fat is the human body, however, more recyclable than the vegetable fatty acids, of which the body absorbs only about five percent. Omega-3 fatty acids are important for heart health, also they are considered "brain-fatty acids", so make with a healthy nervous system and are about to ADHD help in children.

"MegaRed" -Wirkstoff: oil from small crabs - the krill

The omega-3 fatty acids in the "MegaRed" capsules are not derived from salmon or vegetable foods, but from Antarctic krill . The term krill comes from the Norwegian and means something like "Walfutter" - what the Klein crayfish of the species Euphausia superba are actually a priority. Krill swarms form a gigantic biomass, which weighs all in all, well over a hundred million tonnes in the sea.

krill oil kresbe antarktis.jpg
Antarctic krill is the starting material for MegaRed krill and other oil capsules.
Getty Images / iStockphoto
In addition to a high content of omega-3 fatty acids found in krill oil , astaxanthin . The phytochemical is one of the antioxidants . He puts in algae, of which feeds the krill. The crabs accumulate in him by himself, which leads to intense red coloration of krill oil.

In one gram of krill oil put about 200 milligrams of omega-3 fatty acids

"MegaRed" capsules contain, depending on dosage 300 ("MegaRed Omega-3 Krill Oil") or 500 mg Krill oil ("MegaRed Omega-3 Krill Oil Extra"). Of this amount, 36 or 60 milligrams of the omega-3 fatty acid EPA and 16.5 respectively 27.5 milligrams of DHA.

The normal "MegaRed" from ship stuck in packs of 60 capsules, the higher dose preparation is also available in a smaller pack size of 20 capsules. ship "MegaRed" there are nutritional supplements since January 2014 in drugstores, pharmacies and some supermarkets .

Krill, which is concentrated life force. The small shrimp with the Latin name Euphausia superba lives in large flocks in the Antarctic. The oil extracted from krill has impressive features: The proportion of the valuable Omega-3 fatty acids is significantly higher than in fish oils or vegetable oils and the ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acids is particularly low . krill oil provides for optimal absorption of all nutrients, and it contains Astaxanthin, the most powerful free-radical scavengers, which we know so far.

Strength and purity create well-being
Krill oil also stands for strength as for Purity: The small crabs feed on phytoplankton, ie purely vegetable. Phytoplankton is a powerhouse of valuable nutrients: minerals, trace elements, carbohydrates, unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, fiber and more accommodating of krill in the diet in itself. As krill is at the very beginning of the food chain, it is not affected by pollutants or heavy metals.

The oil extracted from krill polyunsaturated and contains unsaturated fatty acids, especially essential omega-3 fatty acids and phospholipids. These are fats and fat-like substances that need our cells to be healthy. They protect the cells against oxidative stress caused by free radicals and an important cause of degeneration, aging and diseases. Phospholipids are the main component of cell membranes, where they provide elasticity and functionality. They play an important role in fat metabolism (the utilization of fats) and promote detoxification by the liver. The phospholipids in krill also have the special property that they are similar to those in the human brain strong. There they are involved in the transduction of stimuli and in the communication between cells. With its phospholipids krill oil provides a fit, active brain.

Rapid uptake in the cells
Particularly is that the omega-3 fatty acids are bound to the phospholipids in krill oil, so they can be easily absorbed into the body cells. In Fish oil Omega-3 fatty acids, however, are bound to substances that may be well received relatively less i - thus suggests krill oil the already excellent fish oil, because of the higher concentration of the specific omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA . Because krill oil is digested quickly, it does not lead to troublesome eructations, as may be the case in fish oil.

Studies show the effects of krill oil on inflammation and lipid metabolism (cholesterol) ii , in the reinforcement of learning processes and the ability to concentrate iii , the reduction of overweight iv and the oxidation of fats and proteins that cause damage in the body v .

Among the polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially the aforementioned docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and the four-fold unsaturated, essential arachidonic acid (AA) are important because of their prostaglandins are produced. These have an impact on blood pressure, blood clotting, lipid metabolism, inflammation and allergic reactions.

Astaxanthin - the strongest known radical scavenger
Another reason that places krill oil in the center of attention, is its content of the dye astaxanthin. He gives krill and other crustaceans their bright red color. Why is their Latin name Euphausiacea pacifica (Pacific lightshrimp).

Astaxanthin is a highly potent antioxidant that is strongest, which we know so far. Its protection against free radicals is many times higher than the effective beta carotene or vitamin E. Free radicals have involved a significant influence on the aging process and are from certain chronic diseases, therefore radical scavengers (antioxidants) are an important public health issue of our time.

Astaxanthin has the rare ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. It is therefore in a position to protect the central nervous system and the eyes and apply a healing effect on the eyes, brain and nerves. Astaxanthin may, inter alia in Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma (glaucoma) are used vi .

Even with macular degeneration and cataracts positive effects were observed. A study of 2010 summarized their findings as follows:. "Astaxanthin decreased oxidative stress and inflammation and activated the immune response in humans," vii

Krill oil also contains proteins, carbohydrates, vitamin A (retinol) and E (tocopherol) and choline, which are important for the structure of the cell walls and the production of myelin, a layer that surrounds and protects the nerves. Since krill oil or astaxanthin also have strong anti-inflammatory, they could also prove to be low in multiple sclerosis, in which the myelin sheath is degraded.

An elevated cholesterol levels, obesity, fatty liver is not caused by alcohol and high blood sugar levels - summarized the symptoms of metabolic syndrome - are krill oil positively affected viii . Additional pre-clinical studies show that krill oil can menstrual problems (PMS), chronic inflammation and joint pain (rheumatoid arthritis) significantly reduce ix . It protects the heart and blood vessels, can reduce cholesterol x , improve the condition of fatigue, depression and irritability and increase well-being.

Stiftung Warentest: What can EPA and DHA cause
A short summary of some 15,000 studies on omega-3 fatty acids, especially EPA and DHA is in the Stiftung Warentest found, is being discussed at length here on special oils and their differences. The researchers found a positive effect on blood lipid levels and blood flow: EPA and DHA reduce triglyceride levels, improve the flow properties of the blood and make it less viscous, thereby clotting risk is reduced. Deposits on the arteries are stabilized, clogging particles are less likely to get into the bloodstream, so that reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. The blood vessels to widen and elastic, so that the blood pressure drops. Cardiac arrhythmias occur less frequently.

The omega-3 fatty acid EPA is a precursor of hormone-like regulator substances (eicosanoids) that inhibit inflammation. This protects against rheumatic joint diseases and relieves pain.

That's not all. EPA and DHA make smarter children because embryos and newborns they need for brain development. During pregnancy and lactation should therefore be sufficiently absorbed by these omega-3 fatty acids. The studies show a beneficial effect on the older brain: Seniors are smarter, reported Stiftung Warentest. For Alzheimer's and other dementias are associated with low EPA and DHA levels in the blood in combination.

And finally, what we all want: a good mood. EPA and DHA have beneficial effects on the psyche. Depression, but also aggression and hyperactivity disorders in children are mitigated.

Krill Oil: overview of key features
Particularly rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially of essential omega-3 fatty acids and phospholipids, contains large amounts of the antioxidant astaxanthin, which protects the cells, inhibits inflammation and the immune system is activated, can slow down the aging process and rejuvenate. Numerous other effects. Does not become rancid, and has a long durability.

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asked Aug 11, 2014 by Lancomega Level (10,245 points)