MANDRAKE: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?
Mandrake is a perennial herb, native to the Mediterranean region, belonging to the family Solanaceae. This plant is surrounded by many legends, former attributing extraordinary magical powers. Since ancient times, countless legends have formed around this rare plant and its magical powers. The root was also well worn as a talisman qu'ingérée as a love potion. Its use is closely linked to the worship of plants, witchcraft and the dark arts.
Stories, legends and beliefs of the mandrake, from antiquity to the Middle Ages!
Due to the vaguely human shape of its root and its alkaloid compounds, mandrake has been associated since antiquity to beliefs and magical rituals. It has become over the years so mysterious in folklore, it was subsequently considered not only the most powerful but also the most dangerous of all magical herbs.
Persians and ancient Egyptians already knew the medicinal properties of the mandrake. Pieces of mandrake root, and other artifacts have been found in the royal burial chambers of the pyramids. The mandrake is mentioned, among other herbs in the famous Papyrus Ebbers dating 1700-1600 BC. The mandrake is also mentioned in the Old Testament of the Bible. Found in the texts of very disconcerting for us today considerations.
For example, Theophrastus tells us that when picking must "trace around the mandrake three circles with a sword, cut looking eastward, dancing around each other and say the greatest possible number of saucy words." Thus the circle drawn around the plant creates a space magically closed, locking the plant and allowing the wizard to master it! The grubbing mandrake ritual exchange from the early Middle Ages. Indeed, the collector of plants must now identify the root, attach it to a dog and attract the animal away. This plant has such a magical power if the herbalist ventured to uproot himself, he would face certain death. The texts even add that this root in itself such a divine power that, when extracted at the same time, the plant emitted a cry of agony unbearable killing animals and not to distant unobstructed ears man wax (Herbarius Apulei, 1481). In the year 520, the manuscript of Dioscorides of Vienna is illustrated by two miniatures on which we see a mandrake root attached to the neck of a dead dog, mouth gaping.
Precautions when picking are also set out in the writings of Paracelsus (1493-1541). Copies of the mandrake root so dangerous, it was magical rituals. According to various writings describing the rituals, we know they unfolded the full moon. Mandrakes which grew at the foot of the gallows were very popular because they were said fertilized by the sperm of hanged, bringing vitality, but those spaces torture or cremation were also fine. Root became magical after washing, soaking and maturation shroud; it accounted for the draft rights, "little man planted" or homunculus. Thus blessed, the mandrake root procured for his owner, prodigious prosperity, abundance of goods and fertility. It was sold very expensive because of the risk to the collection.
"Witches were they drugged?"
There are also some mandrake and henbane in ointments used by witches composition. A widespread belief in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, witches wanted coat their body ointment before flying through the air to go to Sabbath. They went there on a broom or a fork, coated too ointment.
The charges that led witches at the stake had two components: the evil and the pact with the Devil. Legal action began with a complaint for repeated jeteuse a spell that was supposed to cause death in newborns Hex, dropping hail on crops, etc. The prosecution Assistance Sabbath appeared only later when ecclesiastical judges seized the folder. At the time, everyone believed in the Devil. It was not a shadow of a doubt, that by entering into a pact with the devil, the witch could do formidable evil and work the ruin of the Church and the State. Tens of thousands of witches and were sent to the stake with a clear conscience the authorities. Only a few scientific and humanistic physicians dared to denounce the persecution and argue that the Sabbath was only an illusion. The problem of the reality of the Sabbath was also asked about in these terms by scientists from the sixteenth century: "The description of demonic meetings and their prodigies she has an objective reality or is it the result of the use of hallucinogenic drugs? ". By this time a Spanish doctor and humanist Andrés Laguna, concludes that all believed to witches was the result of taking narcotic substances, so that the Sabbath was the only product of their imagination.
Currently, many historical studies about the confessions of witches did not however lead to the conclusion that witches were drugged. If the testimony of some witches are using hallucinogenic drugs, the phenomenon was not widespread and can not be a general explanation.
mandrake plant witch alsagarden (1)
Attention, all information related to traditional use, medicine and the virtues of plants is for information only. The mandrake is a poisonous plant! Its use is by no means recommended.
Mandrake its scientific name "Mandragora officinarum" or "Mandragor autumnalis" or "Mandragora vernalis" is a medicinal plant of the order Solanales and family close to belladonna Solanaceae. The formal name "Mandragora" is a contraction of two Sanskrit words "mangros" and "agora" and it means "sleep substance." The European species has been dubbed "Apple of Satan" for its fruit, the plant can be dangerous. It is also called "Gallow's Man" (Hangman, the man from the gallows because according to legend, the men who were hanged at the time of death, how to say ... indulge ... and a mandrake grew to the same place of the "jet" ... you understand ...?) "Mandrigorgne" "Mandagoire" "Mandegloire" "Main or Mount of glory" "Mandore" "the matagon Grass" "Grass peak or the Espic "" Mandrage "
The mandrake is basically a toxic plant.
Consume only if we know all the features,
assays, and uses the fingertips !!!!!
If you are not a (an) expert, just incense, and very sure magic.
No grass in the world has spilled much ink it! Mandrake crossed the Greek Civilization, Roman, Celtic, Germanic, while already known to the ancient Hebrews. King Solomon was celebrated in the Song of Songs:
"The mandrakes themselves we have drunk with their fragrance, and I have kept for you the most exquisite fruits that grow in our comings [...]"
Mandragora officinale has become, over the years, so mysterious in folklore, it was subsequently considered not only the most powerful but also the most dangerous of all magical herbs. She represents all that is mysterious and appealing about the strange world of plants
From the earliest times, it plays a vital role in magical operations. It is made in the composition of potions and magic spells.
Mandrake is called "the plant of Circe" and was employed, according to reports by the great Greek Enchantress to bring magical transformations.
It is also sacred to Venus and a formidable reputation as a powerful aphrodisiac and inspiration, love, fornication and fertility when worn by the person or consumed potions.
The mandrakes could also be employed as familiar (such as Paul Huson Magistellus called) or spirit guide that facilitated divination and protected the malicious witch psychic attacks.
It is used today in many rites of love, but also to promote opportunity and the material and financial gains.
A dry mandrake root placed above the front door and protect bring happiness, prosperity, fertility and protection to the household and home. It will also prevent evil spirits from entering. Placed on a coin, it will allow the multiplication of money. A mandrake root can be used as a doll in sympathetic magic. It is also possible to give various forms magical use. Berries as well as the root are used in fertility charms.
Scope, it is said to attract love, it prevents diseases from reaching us. Hang above the lite protects sleep. It is also used in rituals to increase desire. Mandrake intensifies the magic in any situation. Add some mandrake root to the water in your kettle for any ritual of lunar water production.
It is said that where a mandrake lies, evil spirits can not survive; it is used very often in exorcism.
The smell of the mandrake drowsy.
To activate a mandrake root dry (because it "hibernate" when dried and stored), place it in a prominent place in your home and leave it for 3 days. Then drop it in hot water and let stand overnight. The next day it will be ready for all magical actions. Water can be used to spray the windows and doors of the house to protect it, or to purify his body
The plant is rich in alkaloids délirogènes and other harmful components. These substances cause parasympatholytics including mydriasis and hallucinations followed by narcosis. It is atropine, scopolamine, hyoscyamine and above. Therefore berries mandrake were called "devil's apple", or love apple, because it caused erotic dreams. Indeed, scopolamine contained in the plant is a narcotic causing full sleep dreams preceded by a phase excitation.
Various presentations are described for the use of this plant. The juice is extracted from the stem, leaves and fruit; the root is cut into slices and presented as alcoholate in honey wine; Fruits can be eaten dried. An infusion of wine and powdered root bark is very useful for pain management because it brings peace and sleep.
Multiple therapeutic virtues attributed to him. By its chemical composition, it is particularly sedative, antispasmodic (as Belladonna), anti-inflammatory (poultice), hypnotic and hallucinogenic. Mandrake can also be used for digestive disorders, aches, cramps, gout, rheumatism inflammatories, asthma, hay fever, whooping cough or painful periods.
It would also have aphrodisiac properties, giving it a fertilizer under (Mandrake in Hebrew has the same etymological that "love" root)
Notable hallucinogenic effects of the plant, as well as the ability of its assets to be able to easily penetrate the skin and enter the blood circulation principles, certainly explains why the witches of the Middle Ages, which smeared the mucous membranes and armpits using an ointment mandrake, entered a trance and thought flying on their brooms and see evil creatures on the Sabbath. Note that the plant was also used by healers, especially to facilitate childbirth, but also against the viper bites