MANDRAKE: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?
The Common mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) is a very toxic medicinal plant that is known not only for its effect, but first and foremost because of their cultural and historical significance.
When I first heard of a plant with the same name that was not about the biology classes but in a book. Harry Potter fans know what I mean: In the second part of the series, the Hogwarts students have to deal with the breeding of these rare and powerful magical plants. Her scream, it is said, was fatal. In the book, see the roots of the herb as "small, dirty and extremely ugly baby" * from. This superstition goes for a back to the roots of the shape, which sometimes resemble a little the human body, on the other hand probably the medieval folklore.
The mandrake is but appeared much earlier in time certificates. How can a Babylonian cuneiform from the year 2000 BC. Chr. Permit the conclusion that the root has been used as a remedy for toothache. Also Hildegard of Bingen mentioned the plant. Strangely enough against strongSex drive (the Mandrake is otherwise said to have an aphrodisiac effect). The nun was otherwise the view that in the mandrake live evil and they must therefore be thoroughly cleaned before use.
In addition to this somewhat peculiar view of the root of the mandrake was also already (probably even before the Middle Ages) a very early stage as an anesthetic. The legends that have always grown up around the "magic plant", was continued in the herbal Alma starlet of the 16th and 17th centuries and have survived to this day in one form or another. It is not only superstitious contemporaries debt: the literature made use of in multiple outgrowths of the aura of this plant. The mention in Rowling's novels is because only the tip of the iceberg. Those interested in the detailed cultural history of the mandrake interested should read the related article on Wikipedia.
The mandrake plant is the classic magic of antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Its root was in great demand and was considered magic powers, because their shape resembles the shape of men.
The mandrake is highly toxic and leads to dangerous noise conditions that are potentially fatal.
Medically it is nowadays used only in homeopathic doses.
Main application: Magical purposes,
Healing effects: sleep inducing,
Fields of application: Asthma,
Gelenkentzündung, Ischias , Koliken, Kopfschmerzen , Leberschwäche, Magenschwäche, Schlangenbisse,
scientific name: Mandragora officinalis, Atropa mandragora, Mandragora Circaea
Plant Family: Nightshade family Solanaceae =
English name: Mandrake
popular names: Alraunmännchen, dragon puppets, meerkats, Hangman, witches herb, Mandragora, Spring Wurz, Fiend root, root magic
Ingredients : Alkaloids atropine, hyoscyamine, scopolamine
Drawing: Jonathan Stenger
Since the mandrake is very toxic, it is now no longer used in herbalism.
In homeopathy, it is however often used because it is safe in highly diluted (potentized) form.
From the potency of D4 can get the homeopathic remedy Mandragora prescription in pharmacies.
In low potencies, up to and including D6, you apply it like how once the medicinal plant mandrake.
The homeopathic medicine is used to treat insomnia, asthma, depression, and joint pain.
Mandragora is also used to treat various gynecological disorders, such as infertility. You should also clean the uterus and promote menstruation.
Alraune The mandrake has a millennia-long history as a medicinal and magical plant.
In ancient Babylon, the mandrake was mentioned about 2000 BC. Chr. Than remedy for toothache in cuneiform tablets.
For pain the mandrake in ancient Egypt was used. In the Papyrus Ebers you can find them under the name dja-dja.
The Mandragora is supposed to be a gift of the Greco-Egyptian god Hermes Trismegistus. She is suitable for alchemical practices and exorcisms.
The golden apples of Aphrodite is probably the fruit of the mandrake.
Perhaps the mandrake is also the famous Moly Circe. Therefore it is also called Mandragora Circaea, which was conferred by Pliny. However, there are also many other plants, which are interpreted as the legendary Moly.
Some also suspect that the mandrake is identical to the biblical, aphrodisiac plant mandrakes (1 Exodus 30). In the mandrakes are mandrakes, Rachel should have helped to become pregnant with Joseph.
Pliny in the 1st century AD. Chr. Beyond medical and psychoactive effects of the mandrake.
Alraune Hildegard of Bingen describes the mandrake as humanoid and speculates that it comes from the earth, from which Adam was created. But the Holy Hildegard does not think much of the mandrake, for they feared evil whisperings through them. To remove the maniacal effects of the plant, you should clean it before use in a source.
Curiously, Hildegard recommends the Mandragora against excessive sex drive. Men should have a female plant and women use a male plant. This all the more surprising as the mandrake was otherwise touted more as aphrodisiac agent.
In the Middle Ages, but probably even earlier, the mandrake was used as an anesthetic during surgery. These put you at a tea made from mandrake root, mulberry juice, poppy extract, Bildsenkraut and hemlock and dripped it on a sponge. This sponge was held in front of the patient's nose until he fell asleep. After surgery, the patient was awakened with fennel oil scents again.
Fruits by eating or inhaling scent cause sleep and anesthesia.
Concentrated juice from bark and root was kept as a drug.
Dried roots are used earlier against eye infections, inflamed wounds, hardening, Snake Bite and joint pain to.
The mandrake was considered as promoting fertility.
Mandrake wine you drank for insomnia, in which case there was always the risk that you no longer wakes from sleep so obtained.
Paracelsus complains a lot about the fast and loose, which is driven by the mandrake. Many traders would cheat on their Kundern with mandrakes counterfeiting. In addition, the mandrake would be much too much granted magical healing power.
Alraune A mandrake root placed on the mantelpiece, is to bring the home prosperity, fertility and protection. Even demons should be able to drive out with her.
You put the root also next to bed or to the head of the bed to protect the sleeper and to prevent melancholy.
Worn as an amulet on the body, the mandrake root to act as love means and also protect against disease.
If you put money next to a mandrake root, it is allegedly double.
A dried mandrake root is sometimes initially activated to awaken their supposedly dormant powers. Do this create the root for three days at an important place of the house. Then when laid in warm water and leaving it there overnight. Only then can the now activated mandrake root for magical purposes are used. The insert water can splash on objects or persons in order to protect them.
Drawing: Jonathan Stenger
The mandrake is native to the Mediterranean. Because it is sensitive to frost, they are found only in frost-free areas.
The thick root of the perennial plant can grow up to 60 cm long.
Often, the root is split longitudinally, often several times, so that the shape can be interpreted as a little man with legs and arms.
From the root of a ground-level rosette with elongated, egg-shaped leaves growing. The leaves are noppig corrugated and perforated at the edge.
The purple flowers appear in spring and grow to more directly from the Rosette.
They are bell-shaped and have a long cup. Its shape is somewhat reminiscent of the flowers of the blue gentian, with which they are used, however, in any way.
Alraune The flowers are golden berry fruits develop.
The fruits look like small apples. The leaves of the mandrake has completely withdrawn at the time of fruit ripening. If you do not know that at this point a mandrake grows, you could keep the fruit at first sight for small case apples. However, they are at the bottom rooted, comes with a stalk from the center of the mandrake plant.
When mature, the fruits are toxic, so you can eat them theoretically. Their flavor is reminiscent of tomatoes. Because of the risk, possibly to catch immature, poisonous fruit, one should take from the enjoyment of the mandrake-fruit distance.
The sister of the mandrake (Mandragora autumnalis) flowers in autumn.
It is considered a female version of the mandrake in contrast to the early flowering Mandragora officinalis, which is regarded as male mandrake.
Apart from the different flowering times, both Mandrake are very similar.
Watch out! Highly toxic.
Alraune only in prescribed finished preparations or homeopathic apply.
Disclaimer: Ask your doctor or pharmacist
The visit to the site can not replace a visit to the doctor.
Prefer case of serious or unclear symptoms necessarily your doctor.