CHLORELLA: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?
Quite unknown in France but very popular in Japan, chlorella pyrenoidosa microalgae freshwater is used in Japanese hospitals for over 40 years.
Chlorella reproduces by cell division. Every 24 hours, each mother cell currency in four daughter cells. This extremely rapid division is managed by the CGF, abbreviation of Chlorella Growth Factor.
CGF considered a nutrient promotes regeneration of our own cells. In the aftermath of the war, the governments of industrialized countries and the Rockefeller Institute launched a research and development on the production of a highly nutritious food to eliminate hunger in the world.
Chlorella was selected from over a thousand plants for its rich nutrients (protein, vitamins, minerals, amino acids and chlorophyll).
In 1948 the Stanford Research Institute in the United States has demonstrated that we could grow and harvest large quantities of chlorella throughout the year.
Chlorella is a food supplement. In Japan, it is used daily by 4 million people. So much so that the Japanese government was classified as "national interest food."
Chlorella was discovered in 1890 by a Dutch biologist, Beyerinck. The richness of this new plant aroused the interest of scientists immediately. During the First World War, a German specialist in microbiology, Hardner Lindner, has undertaken an experiment to feed the German troops with chlorella. The end of the war and the fact that, in its natural state is largely indigestible chlorella, gave an unsatisfactory during this first test result.
During World War II, Lindner did a second experiment, again without success.
Since the 70s, a process that involves popping the cell membrane makes digestible chlorella 80%.
Japan emerged from the war, broken by atomic bombs and ruined by war. His people wanted money and food. Aided by an American charitable institute, the Rockefeller Foundation, and after a study of 100 plants, Japan chooses to develop Chlorella as a potential source of protein to feed its population. In 1957, an institute for research on chlorella was created to Japan to study how best to exploit this alga.
In the early years, the Japanese used the chlorella in very different foods: in drinks, in cookies and milk powder distributed in all schools in Japan and the services of National Defense. Use in drinks was triggered by the first medical research on chlorella, which showed that it stimulated the growth of lactobacilli. Beneficial health effects began to be reported by people who regularly consumed foods containing chlorella.
Since then, numerous studies have shown that Chlorella could have beneficial effects in various diseases such as gastric and duodenal ulcers, scarring in the regeneration of cells during chemotherapy, to mitigate the decrease of red blood cells and protect respiratory diseases etc. ..
An experiment at the Medical College of Virginia, in the United States, and reported at an international conference in Strasbourg in 1990, described the effects of chlorella on 20 people with a brain tumor. The researchers noted "We found that our patients had fewer respiratory infections and influenza-like illness."
Active components of chlorella and action
Detoxification : thanks to its fibrous membrane (sporopolleine), Chlorella absorbs heavy metals, pesticides, insecticides and other chemical fertilizers, thus helping the body to get rid of.
Sanitation and oxygenation : Chlorella is rich in chlorophyll which helps to oxygenate tissues, cleanses the intestinal flora. Once chlorophyll "implanted" in the intestinal mucosa, no colonization of bacteria is not possible.
CGF (Growth Factor Chlorella): Located in the core, the CGF (Chlorella Growth Factor) is a complex of vitamins, nucleotides (DNA, RNA) and amino acids, it represents the genetic heritage of alga.
Natural defenses : he participated in the expansion of T lymphocytes (immune system) and healthy cells in the body.
Strength and endurance : The CGF is a real energy concentrated: in sports, for example, after a single dose, the effect is felt in the hour and its action is prolonged in time beyond 10 hours!
Probiotic and balanced intestinal flora effect : the increase in the presence of lactobacillus CGF potentiating the probiotic effect in the intestine.
VITAMINS AND MINERALS:
VITAMIN B + PHOSPHORUS :
Calms the nervous system and promotes sleep.
Properties of chlorella
Chlorella is a plant "multi-purpose". Its first use was in Japanese hospitals for patients with constipation problems. She quickly earned the name of "great regulator". According to the experiments:
it reduces constipation, normalizing transit even in paralyzed. It restores the intestinal flora
it stimulates to éfenses immune
it promotes the acid-base balance
it calms the nervous system and promotes sleep
it contains a hormone that stimulates the regeneration cellulair e, Japanese doctors have managed to reduce gastric ulcers using only chlorella and an antacid
it reduces the tension but does not reduce normal tension
it decreases the "bad" cholesterol (LDL) and increases "good" cholesterol (HDL)
it has the property (one in green algae) to fix the heavy metals and other toxins and eliminate them without damaging the liver. In Japan, the chlorella has been used for the treatment of people poisoned by cadmium, mercury and lead . Experiments in the United States has shown that it is effective against certain insecticides containing PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls). The effectiveness of chlorella, purging the body of this kind of toxic starting to attract dentists who treat biology. In the United States, chlorella is part of the detoxification protocol for patients who wish to free themselves from mercury fillings.
Another benefit of chlorella for dental care : thanks to its healing properties, chlorella can "close" the gums around the teeth that begin to take off their shoes. Simply brush the gums with chlorella powder and leave in the mouth a few minutes before rinsing. A solution of powdered chlorella perhaps sprinkled with a dropper into the gaps around the teeth to maximize the regenerative effect on the gums. You must repeat the solution daily. For people who resent the taste of seaweed, an oil of mint or lemon drop can be added to the mix.
menopausal women can be found in chlorella useful help against certain disadvantages passengers. A study done in Japan, double-blind 58 women aged 45 to 55, the menopause is generally accompanied by constipation, fatigue, hot flashes. Dr. Sonoda found that taking chlorella can then be very useful
Chlorella is especially appreciated for the energy she brings to the organization. During convalescence , for pregnant and lactating women , for those times when we need a little more against stress and fatigue, chlorella can help us
the World Amateur Body Building Association (WABBA) tested chlorella for 18 months. The report noted that athletes in various sports withdrew indisputable benefits of taking chlorella. The tests demonstrated improved recovery after exercise; strength and energy level during the regular use of Chlorella in addition to a balanced diet
the Japanese have long known: a study in a high school in Nagasaki in 1964, found that after 6 months of taking chlorella, the school had more strength in the back, with muscle densification
chlorella and of course the CGF contain a natural antibiotic that scientists have named the chlorellane found in high concentrations in the CGF form.
Given the abundance of studies, it is not surprising that the Japanese consume more than a thousand and a half tons of chlorella per year, and this amazing micro-algae food was declared of national interest by the Japanese government.
Chlorella is now available in France and other European countries.
We have, to date, no knowledge of cons-indications even in young children.
The same property of chlorella is to absorb heavy metals from the environment and many existing chlorellas contain significant levels of heavy metals. Also, it is important to ensure that you buy chlorella received strict control and it is free of heavy metals, pesticides and insecticides. Do you deliver the results of the analysis.
Information obtained from "Nutrition plus" Sodimex with their agreement.
With the power of the green alga
Chlorella is a single celled micro algae for nutritional supplements can produce large quantities of aquaculture. Undeniably, the algae is a high quality as protein-rich foods with a high content of micronutrients and antioxidants . Thus one speaks their protective (for cardiovascular and blood vessels, inflammation) as well as a balancing effect to (metabolic disorders, nutritional deficiencies, immune deficiency, allergy and inflammation).
Sold the algae in dried form, usually as a tablet or as a green powder. Also, the algae extract is available (powder, capsules).
Chlorella is often sold in the form of tablets and capsules, but it is also available as a powder. © abcmedia - Fotolia.com
On this page
Applications of Chlorella
How does Chlorella?
Plants profile of Chlorella
Recovery and active ingredients of Chlorella
Chlorella Side Effects
Indications: Against what helps Chlorella?
Chlorella acts predominantly protective
Numerous laboratory experiments and animal experiments demonstrate the promoted properties of the alga. Remains largely unclear to what extent the measured effects of chlorella are also relevant for humans and exceed the known protective effects of chlorophyllhaltigem vegetables. Certainly, the alga is rich in micronutrients and is used to compensate for increased demand and prevention of iron deficiency. A detoxification and drainage of Schmermetallen but does not seem to take place, but a reduced intake of these substances. In addition, the alleviation of oxidative stress has been well documented. In the immunomodulating activity, cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory diseases and metabolism in the field, there are currently only data with regard character.
Applications divided by effectiveness
Secured effectiveness SheetSheetSheet
For these areas of application are clear clinical studies to be assumed by an effectiveness. Efficacy was at least one of the relevant Valuation commissions ( Commission E / ESCOP / HMPC / WHO found authentic).
Effectiveness according to experience SheetSheet
There are numerous indications of a long history of use in folk medicine and in medical alternative medicine that can accept an activity. However, so far all the criteria are not met, which is necessary for a full evidentiary force. If there are clinical studies, the results did not unequivocally convinced.
Anemia, iron deficiency
Protection against uptake of heavy metals
Unsecured effectiveness Sheet
The evidence from traditional application or laboratory tests are inconclusive and do not go beyond an experimental status. There are no correct or positive clinical studies.
Immune deficiency (immunstimmulierend)
Excretion of heavy metals and detoxification
Inflammatory diseases, fibromyalgia, rheumatism, arthritis , arteriosclerosis , gastric and colitis (ulcerative colitis)
Lipid levels increased,
Glucose levels increased,
Links to the diseases in which Chlorella can help
Body regions across symptoms:
How does Chlorella?
Chlorella binds toxins
Be taken microalgae such as Chlorella because of the detoxifying and diverting effect. In animal experiments, a reduced uptake of certain poisons is occupied.
For example, the elimination of dioxins with chlorella powder was studied in the fodder in mice. The dioxin was mostly not included in the intestine and is excreted with the feces.
In addition, the detoxification of insecticide chlordecone in rats succeed. The special feature of this poison is that the bile is entering the intestine and absorbed again. However, it can be excreted when it binds to the cell walls of chlorella. It will not be added again. Dioxin is excreted in mice by the same mechanism. Even the isolated chlorophyll showed a protective effect against the inclusion of polychlorinated dioxins and dibenzofurans.
An effect that can be transferred obvious to humans: women who had taken during pregnancy Chlorella, formed in the phase Still a milk with 30% less dioxin contamination.
Chlorella is also able to bind heavy metals such as cadmium, chromium, nickel, thallium, lead and tin, these data provide laboratory tests. Also, they are mainly bound to the cell wall. Cadmium is excreted in animal experiments in the faeces.
Warning : It has only been shown that there is a protection when Chlorella is added simultaneously with the heavy metals. Rats that already have a heavy metal pollution, this divorce by subsequent treatment not faster. Interesting in this context is that Chlorella with a heavy metal pollution to protect the kidney in diabetic rats. The antioxidant action unfolds without "detoxification".
Many environmental toxins, but also physical processes such as inflammation produce oxidative stress. Chlorella species contain, depending on the culturing conditions, various anti-oxidants (such as carotenoids, vitamin E, and phenols). As in feeding experiments on rats now been shown also antioxidant activity in humans.
Smoking has been a chlorella extract (3.6 g / day for 6 weeks) treatment. After a six-week period could be accounted for significant positive effects on the antioxidant status. As a license for smoking that can not be counted, however: The vitamin E levels in the blood of male smokers had increased. While this is good news for the state, other studies show, however, that a supply of artificial Vitamin E increases the risk of lung cancer for smokers and perhaps also carries other risks. An antioxidant effect concentrated sulfuric ingredients in the body must not only positive effects have. Whether this also true dangers of "natural ingredients" of Chlorella, has not been clarified.
Stimulation of the immune system
Can accept animal experimentation that chlorella or extract boosts the immune system of animals with healthy or immunocompromised. In various experimental situations, the resistance against viruses, bacteria and tumors in animals was improved. By supporting with Chlorella pathogens are eliminated effectively from the body. It is believed that an increase in the levels of various neurotransmitters mediates this effect. Thereby separate parts of the immune system are stimulated (macrophages, "natural killer cells", T-cells, B-cells). In addition, the cells are more effective at the site of infection .
In practice, however, the effects are not very clear:
The best opportunity to test an immune stimulation, is a vaccination. Started at different vaccinations were at least 117 50-year-old persons. Slight impact was seen only in the group of 50-55 year olds with the highest dose (0.4 g chlorella extract).
In the saliva of normal (not physically stressed) subjects can occupy an increasing antibody concentration after ingestion. When loaded athletes only the amount of saliva was higher than in the control.
Chlorella also increases the amount of antibodies in the milk of nursing mothers.
Generally more convincing studies are needed.
Although Chlorella preparations rain in experimental situations to the immune system, for overactive immune response ( allergies ) was found but a damping. It is an immunomodulatory overall effect. These findings yielded any case of animal studies with mice and an artificially induced allergic reaction. The following specific effects have been described:
In a typical allergic attack is a high concentration of immune cells in the airways (eosinophils and neutrophils) and, in addition, a strong response to antibodies (IgE, the type of antibody in the lungs and the mucous membranes). The reaction could be experimentally attenuate with chlorella extract.
Cells that start an allergic reaction (mast cells), produced less'allergie-typische' messengers (IL-5, GM-CSF, histamine ) following treatment with chlorella extract (orally).
Again, studies still need to clarify the practical significance in humans.
Treat inflammatory diseases with Chlorella?
The reason why latent infections over the years stress the body, is also the oxidative stress, the immune system of the body part specific triggers. Due to the highly antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties also Chlorella is a food for inflammation such as atherosclerosis and inflammatory bowel disease advocates. Evidence of practical importance can be cited here:
Chlorella or chlorella carotenoids in the diet protect rabbit and rat vessels from inflammatory, atherosclerotic changes.
Also bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis are characterized by a persistent tissue inflammation. A pilot study with eight individuals with low to moderate disease activity achieved with a dosage of 10 g Chlorella plus 100 mL chlorella extract a significant drop Krankheitsaktiviät after 2 months. The start has been made, but it still lacks quality trials with placebo.
Even with fibromyalgia also oxidative stress plays a role according to hypotheses in addition to inflammatory factors. Several studies with nutritional supplements and a plant rich diet indicate an improvement characterized. The alga fits in this type of intervention.
At the moment there is a pilot study on the subject. 10 g 'Sun Chlorella' tablets and 0.1 l of liquid Chlorella extract 'Wakasa Gold' were taken per day (for 2-3 months). After treatment, the disease activity was decreased, the level of pain, for example, by 22%. However, 5 of 18 patients complained about an aggravation. The authors found that chlorella benefits only a part of the subjects. Clarifying studies are needed.
Red blood through green Chlorella: anemia
In addition to folic acid and vitamin B-12 Chlorella also contains iron, which is also bioavailable, as experiments demonstrate:
Rats suffering from experimental conditions and iron deficiency anemia diet were fed with the microalgae. The animals recovered quickly with a diet containing 5-10% chlorella.
In humans, deficiency of vital substances is particularly severe during pregnancy. Even in this situation, a Supplement with Chlorella (6 g / day), the risk of anemia can be fall, like a Japanese study shows.
Accompanying was also the risk of fluid retention (edema) and protein loss through the kidneys decreased (the symptoms of gestational hypertension).
Attention: For higher grade iron deficiency requires active intervention by intake of concentrated iron tablets is imperative.
Cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure
For a blood pressure lowering speak a number of animal experiments and first human studies. Unfortunately, the study quality is not sufficient for a reliable prediction, the effects should probably be rather small. As active ingredients are antioxidants , carotenoids, cations (as potassium), fiber, eicosapentaenoic acid ( EPA ) as well as the amino acid arginine (from the protein of chlorella) under discussion.
The study refers to mild hypertension (average 92.3 mm Hg diastolic) and a treatment with 10 g of Chlorella tablet plus 100 mL chlorella extract. First one was placebo given, the blood pressure rose during this phase slightly (96.5 mm Hg), which was then placebo against Chlorella replaced. After the treatment period of 2 months, but only minimal effects were visible in the 24 participants. However, a subgroup (38% of participants) had clearly benefited, 25% of high blood pressure was even below the targeted 90 mm Hg (diastolic). The treatment was not successful for the remaining 62% of participants.
In a group of Japanese women by Chlorella the risk of gestational hypertension were reduced (6 g / day).
Chlorella normalizes metabolism
High lipid levels are a significant risk for cardiovascular disease. A reduction is a contribution to prevention. The change of diet can already make a contribution. Chlorella also proves here due to the ingredients as a convenient food for a healthy metabolism.
Animal fat-lowering effect of the algae in high-fat diet in rats and hamsters is already well documented: Cholesterol levels were lower with Chlorella and the cholesterol / HDL ratio - an indicator of susceptibility to cardiovascular diseases - was significantly better than in the control -Tieren. The uptake of cholesterol from the diet was in rats by a special fat-soluble Chlorella extract reduced.
It is assumed that also the fiber content the absorption of fat and sugar disabled, and cholesterol binding. According to the fat and cholesterol content in the feces of animals fed Chlorella is higher than in the control.
A special case is that menopause : Then change not just the hormones , but also the metabolism, which can be simulated in animal studies with female rats. Through the gift of Chlorella weight gain of the animals could be reduced. The dietary supplement in the diet have proven the decrease in bone density are reduced.
Aurch first human studies can be cited here, but overall more data would be needed.
A study of individuals with high risk factors in lifestyle compared with a group of healthy volunteers results in a 17-week chlorella treatment in both groups lower sugar and cholesterol levels. A control group without the supplement would give the data more weight.
A direct lower blood sugar by Chlorella is covered in animal experiments. In this case, an increased sugar intake are tracked by the liver and muscles or even an improved sensitivity to insulin . However, it should be noted, that could not be achieved in each test batch with diabetic metabolic state, a sugar.
Various authors suggest that a supplement such as chlorella could be a suitable preventive foods for diabetics.
This can also experiment with rats accept: Here Chlorella had decreased oxidative damage (DNA and fats), which always accompanies the diabetic metabolic state. Consistent with this, also liver and kidney of experimental animals are better protected.
To demonstrate this on humans, it requires further studies.
Even with the comorbidities of diabetes , the green algae could contribute. For then threaten the metabolites with the reactive sugars various tissues. This leads to accelerated aging, nerve and vascular damage. In diabetic retinopathy, for example, the eyesight is in danger.
A carotinoidreicher Chlorella extract protects cultured cells against various pathological changes as they occur in retinal damage (cell division, Botenstoff- and protease production).
Furthermore, in animal studies can be the lens opacity ( cataract , cataract ) reduce something.
Chlorella appears to protect against the carcinogenic activity of certain substances and also to reduce the division and spread of cancer cells and strengthen the rejection of cancer cells by the immune system. As an effect of carrier peptides, proteins, glycoproteins, complex polysaccharides, and are antioxidants , such as carotenoids proposed. A number of animal and laboratory studies dealing with the issue.
Chlorella fought in animal experiments an induction of cancer from: Certain chemical substances dissolve in rats developing liver cancer from. A part of the rats was added to the powder in the diet (10% of the feed amount). The number of degenerate sites in the liver tissue was reduced in the chlorella group by approximately 68%, the extent of the regions was smaller by about 74%.
In an experiment on mice with breast cancer cells were injected, the untreated control group died within 20 days; of the with Chlorella extract treated mice survived a majority (73-80%) more than 60 days. The extract also seemed against the scattering property of cancer cells to act. However, an intact immune system was necessary for the effect described.
For the growth of tumor mass , the formation of new blood vessels supplying is always required. Substances of a special extract of Chlorella (chloroform / methanol) to suppress neovascularization in experimental conditions.
Most people are so far only studies with limited power.
In an open-label study, breast cancer patient-completed after the cancer therapy either Chlorella granules, extract or a vitamin mixture. Significant effects were seen with the extract : 6 of 12 patients reported an improvement in quality of life (such as reduced fatigue, less dry skin, better bowel movement), whereas in the vitamin group no woman was an improvement on record. Both the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects as well as the vitamin content of the algae should contribute to the changes.
Microalgae such as Spirulina and Chlorella are reputed to have an exceptionally protective effect on the liver. The experimental basis are mostly animal experiments are now also the first therapeutic trials in humans before:
A recent study from the United States now has the effect of Chlorella on hepatitis C scrutinized. Was added Chlorella pyrenoidosa (1 g / day, after one week, 1.5 g / day) and in addition, a resulting liquid extract (30 ml / day). The half of the treated patients reported an improvement of the quality of life. And liver enzymes returned to normal at about 2/3 of the subjects (ALT significantly, AST tends to be). Exceptions were patients who already had liver damage (fibrosis and cirrhosis). Unfortunately, the results were not controlled by a placebo group, the study would have been upgraded. The authors note that findings are missing, such as the treatment effect during interferon treatment or antiviral therapy.
Are cautiously positive results even with fatty liver. In a clinical study, 76 patients were treated with metformin and vitamin E. In addition, about half received 1.2 g of Chlorella extract per day. In this group improved the liver function tests (AST, ALT) and also the glucose metabolism had addressed. The blood lipids but decreased only the neutral fats.