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Date Palm: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

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DATE PALM: Benefits, Side Effects, Uses, Dosage, Warnings?

Dates: Sweet from the desert
The sweet gift from the Orient: Dates are considered healthy snack for in between. As Nascherei they are popular not only at Christmas

Dates
Dried dates are stable up to a year
Dried dates are stable up to a year
Ingredients of the date: Healthy Nascherei

Dates are rich in sugar and have a correspondingly high calorie content. That gave them the name "bread of the desert" a. Dietary fiber, minerals such as potassium , calcium and magnesium and B vitamins make it a healthy sweet tooth. The content of the amino acid tryptophan is particularly interesting. From tryptophan produced in the body, the hormone melatonin, which has a meaning for the sleep-wake cycle. Allegedly take the Arabs in light falling asleep at night a few dates to him.

Origin: Gift of the Orient

Native is the date palm tree in the Persian Gulf. In the East, can the use of several millennia back track. Today people cultivate the plant in the region from North Africa to Pakistan. Quantitatively, the very front are in production in Egypt, Iran and Saudi Arabia. Goods which are to buy it in Germany, comes mainly from Tunisia. Only fruit of the best quality enter the export.

Botany: Hundreds of different varieties

The date palm from the palm family likes the warm and sunny, but needs plenty of water, especially in summer. Crops grown the trees in palm gardens. They are up to 30 meters high. Their leaves are modified into fronds. After a fruit maturity of five to six months, one-seeded fruits that belong to the botanical berries appear. They are in racemose fruit stands. Date berries are oblong-oval in shape and are up to seven inches long. Ripe berries can be seen in the light to dark brown, sometimes golden yellow or bright red color. They have a very sweet, rather dry flesh. It saturates well and tastes as sweet as honey. Inside sits a tough, roller-shaped seed kernel. From the outside protects a leathery shell. A tree can provide up to 100 kilograms of fruit, but contributes only every two years. There are several hundred different varieties.

Date-season: Nascherei for Christmas

Fresh dates are available in the winter months from September to January. Especially popular are the fruits are in the Christmas season. For drying, provided berries are harvested half-ripe. The sun or artificial heat deprives them of the water. Just as frozen goods they are available all year round.

Storage of the date: Dried up to one year shelf life

Fresh produce is best in the refrigerator. It must be consumed within a few days. Dried dates are stable up to one year. The optimum storage room is dark and dry. Caution is among other popular with mites or mold. These fruits may not be eaten.

Tips for preparation: Filled with cheese

Dates are as richer source of energy between meals. Especially good in baked goods and desserts taste fruits that are coated with syrup or sugar, so they remain soft. As delicious appetizers for a buffet dates can be filled with cheese, marzipan or nuts. Oriental dishes they lend an exotic flavor. Other specialties include Dattelwein or Dattelschnaps.

For the overview page of the fruit and vegetable encyclopedia

Nutritional information: dates (fresh, per 100 grams)

Energy

kcal
280
Fat

Total (g)
Track
Carbohydrates

Total (g)
65
Minerals (mg)

Sodium (Na)
5
Potassium (K)
650
Calcium (Ca)
65
Magnesium (Mg)
50
Phosphate (P)
60
Iron (Fe)
1.9
Zinc (Zn)
0.3
Vitamins

Beta-carotene ( ug)
35
Vitamin E (mg)
0.2
Vitamin B1 (mg)
0.07
Vitamin B2 (mg)
0.07
Vitamin B6 (mg)
0.14
Folic Acid (ug)
20
Vitamin C (mg)
3

Source of nutrition information: German Society for Nutrition: The nutritional table

The real date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera ) is a plant species of the genus date palms ( Phoenix ) in the family of the palm family (Arecaceae). Your fruits are dates mentioned. The true date palm is an ancient, oriental culture plant whose human use up in the archives of Mesopotamia can be traced back.

Contents [ Hide ]
1 Description
2 cultivation
3 Preservation
4 Economic Significance
5 pests
6 special
7 Gallery
8 See also
9 sources
10 Web Links
11 Notes and references
Description [ Edit ]
The real date palm reaches stature heights of 15 to 20 meters. The base of the fronds remain on the stem . The leaves are fronds; they are 3-5 m long and about 30 cm long and 2 cm wide leaflets . At the bottom of the fronds are spines present.

Phoenix species are dioecious getrenntgeschlechtig ( dioecious ). The axillary inflorescences are simple branches with a large bract . The stalked or sessile flowers are unisexual and threefold. The three sepals and petals are fused with each other. The crown is longer than the calyx. The male flowers usually contain three stamens , the stamens are fused at their base. The female flowers contain three free carpels and six intergrown staminodes . The scars sit without stylus directly on the carpels. There are fleshy, single-seeded berries formed in large racemose hanging fruit stalls at the Palm. The first dates can be harvested after 5 to 6 years.

Cultivation [ Edit ]
The date palm requires a lot of sun and desert plant, especially in the summer months a lot of water. Otherwise, the plant is considered to be unpretentious and comes with nutrient-poor soils cope. It grows slowly and is regarded as winter harder than their relatives, the Canary Island date palm ( Phoenix canariensis ).

Over the millennia, many variants of the dates have been bred so that their fruit color varies from red to black.

The cultivation of dates takes place in Palm Gardens. The plants have a working life of 80 to 100 years, so such a garden needs to be planned carefully. As the fruits develop from fertilized flowers only every two years, will be planted to 3 male to approximately 100 female plants 2. The yield per tree can be up to 100 kg. The fruiting takes place outside temperature at 30 to 35 degrees Celsius. The plants need plenty of water. For this reason, such a garden should be well watered and the plants need access to groundwater.

Conservation [ Edit ]
In the extremely dry climate of growing countries, the fruits of various Dattelpalmsorten preserve because of their high sugar content [1] - comparable figs and grapes - of yourself and stay at least until the next harvest durable.

Economic importance [ Edit ]
A large part of the production remains in the countries themselves and is further processed. The products of the production of dates in addition to the fruit (fresh and dried) Dattelöl, Dattelschnaps (and vinegar). [2] [3] of the tribe of older date palms can be tapping into a juice, which immediately is located in the fermentation process and as palm wine is fermented. [ 4] The sheets can be used for the preparation of wattle all kinds.

The global harvest amounts, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization about 7 million tonnes (2004). Especially in the United Arab Emirates since 1970 production has risen sharply (from 1970 to 2004 8 kt to 760 kt).

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Worldwide production of dates (2005)
The largest date producers in the world (2009)
(in 1000 t )
Egypt Egypt 1,350.00
Iran Iran 1088.04
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 1052.40
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 759.00
Pakistan Pakistan 735.28
Algeria Algeria 600,70
Iraq Iraq 507.00
Sudan Sudan 339,30
Oman Oman 278.59
Libya Libya 160,10
Tunisia Tunisia 145.00
China People's Republic of China 140.00
Morocco Morocco 72.00
Yemen Yemen 56.76
Niger Niger 37.79
Turkey Turkey 25.28
Israel Israel 22.19
Qatar Qatar 21.60
Mauritania Mauritania 20.00
Chad Chad 18.78
World production (total) (Above) 7462.51
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) [5]
Pests [ edit ]
Like many other crops have also date palm pests; here is currently mainly the red red palm weevil ( Rhynchophorus ferrugineus ) call, which since around 1994 on the Mediterranean spreads. It is dangerous because it lays its larva within the date palm and if any damage is visible only solution is cutting down and destroying.

Fungi can clog the date palm. So Bayoud disease has with the fungus Fusarium oxysporum destroyed large stocks in Algeria and Morocco. New varieties of date palm cultivars are not as susceptible to this fungus.

Particular [ Edit ]
In 1963, during excavations in the fortress of Masada found 2,000-year-old date stones. Researchers asked 2005 of the germs to grow. [6] Today, the plant as Judean date palm is called and record holder in age-related germination.

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